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Linux/arch/ia64/pci/pci.c

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  1 /*
  2  * pci.c - Low-Level PCI Access in IA-64
  3  *
  4  * Derived from bios32.c of i386 tree.
  5  *
  6  * (c) Copyright 2002, 2005 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
  7  *      David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
  8  *      Bjorn Helgaas <bjorn.helgaas@hp.com>
  9  * Copyright (C) 2004 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 10  *
 11  * Note: Above list of copyright holders is incomplete...
 12  */
 13 
 14 #include <linux/acpi.h>
 15 #include <linux/types.h>
 16 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 17 #include <linux/pci.h>
 18 #include <linux/pci-acpi.h>
 19 #include <linux/init.h>
 20 #include <linux/ioport.h>
 21 #include <linux/slab.h>
 22 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
 23 #include <linux/bootmem.h>
 24 #include <linux/export.h>
 25 
 26 #include <asm/machvec.h>
 27 #include <asm/page.h>
 28 #include <asm/io.h>
 29 #include <asm/sal.h>
 30 #include <asm/smp.h>
 31 #include <asm/irq.h>
 32 #include <asm/hw_irq.h>
 33 
 34 /*
 35  * Low-level SAL-based PCI configuration access functions. Note that SAL
 36  * calls are already serialized (via sal_lock), so we don't need another
 37  * synchronization mechanism here.
 38  */
 39 
 40 #define PCI_SAL_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg)           \
 41         (((u64) seg << 24) | (bus << 16) | (devfn << 8) | (reg))
 42 
 43 /* SAL 3.2 adds support for extended config space. */
 44 
 45 #define PCI_SAL_EXT_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg)       \
 46         (((u64) seg << 28) | (bus << 20) | (devfn << 12) | (reg))
 47 
 48 int raw_pci_read(unsigned int seg, unsigned int bus, unsigned int devfn,
 49               int reg, int len, u32 *value)
 50 {
 51         u64 addr, data = 0;
 52         int mode, result;
 53 
 54         if (!value || (seg > 65535) || (bus > 255) || (devfn > 255) || (reg > 4095))
 55                 return -EINVAL;
 56 
 57         if ((seg | reg) <= 255) {
 58                 addr = PCI_SAL_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg);
 59                 mode = 0;
 60         } else if (sal_revision >= SAL_VERSION_CODE(3,2)) {
 61                 addr = PCI_SAL_EXT_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg);
 62                 mode = 1;
 63         } else {
 64                 return -EINVAL;
 65         }
 66 
 67         result = ia64_sal_pci_config_read(addr, mode, len, &data);
 68         if (result != 0)
 69                 return -EINVAL;
 70 
 71         *value = (u32) data;
 72         return 0;
 73 }
 74 
 75 int raw_pci_write(unsigned int seg, unsigned int bus, unsigned int devfn,
 76                int reg, int len, u32 value)
 77 {
 78         u64 addr;
 79         int mode, result;
 80 
 81         if ((seg > 65535) || (bus > 255) || (devfn > 255) || (reg > 4095))
 82                 return -EINVAL;
 83 
 84         if ((seg | reg) <= 255) {
 85                 addr = PCI_SAL_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg);
 86                 mode = 0;
 87         } else if (sal_revision >= SAL_VERSION_CODE(3,2)) {
 88                 addr = PCI_SAL_EXT_ADDRESS(seg, bus, devfn, reg);
 89                 mode = 1;
 90         } else {
 91                 return -EINVAL;
 92         }
 93         result = ia64_sal_pci_config_write(addr, mode, len, value);
 94         if (result != 0)
 95                 return -EINVAL;
 96         return 0;
 97 }
 98 
 99 static int pci_read(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn, int where,
100                                                         int size, u32 *value)
101 {
102         return raw_pci_read(pci_domain_nr(bus), bus->number,
103                                  devfn, where, size, value);
104 }
105 
106 static int pci_write(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn, int where,
107                                                         int size, u32 value)
108 {
109         return raw_pci_write(pci_domain_nr(bus), bus->number,
110                                   devfn, where, size, value);
111 }
112 
113 struct pci_ops pci_root_ops = {
114         .read = pci_read,
115         .write = pci_write,
116 };
117 
118 struct pci_root_info {
119         struct acpi_pci_root_info common;
120         struct pci_controller controller;
121         struct list_head io_resources;
122 };
123 
124 static unsigned int new_space(u64 phys_base, int sparse)
125 {
126         u64 mmio_base;
127         int i;
128 
129         if (phys_base == 0)
130                 return 0;       /* legacy I/O port space */
131 
132         mmio_base = (u64) ioremap(phys_base, 0);
133         for (i = 0; i < num_io_spaces; i++)
134                 if (io_space[i].mmio_base == mmio_base &&
135                     io_space[i].sparse == sparse)
136                         return i;
137 
138         if (num_io_spaces == MAX_IO_SPACES) {
139                 pr_err("PCI: Too many IO port spaces "
140                         "(MAX_IO_SPACES=%lu)\n", MAX_IO_SPACES);
141                 return ~0;
142         }
143 
144         i = num_io_spaces++;
145         io_space[i].mmio_base = mmio_base;
146         io_space[i].sparse = sparse;
147 
148         return i;
149 }
150 
151 static int add_io_space(struct device *dev, struct pci_root_info *info,
152                         struct resource_entry *entry)
153 {
154         struct resource_entry *iospace;
155         struct resource *resource, *res = entry->res;
156         char *name;
157         unsigned long base, min, max, base_port;
158         unsigned int sparse = 0, space_nr, len;
159 
160         len = strlen(info->common.name) + 32;
161         iospace = resource_list_create_entry(NULL, len);
162         if (!iospace) {
163                 dev_err(dev, "PCI: No memory for %s I/O port space\n",
164                         info->common.name);
165                 return -ENOMEM;
166         }
167 
168         if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO_SPARSE)
169                 sparse = 1;
170         space_nr = new_space(entry->offset, sparse);
171         if (space_nr == ~0)
172                 goto free_resource;
173 
174         name = (char *)(iospace + 1);
175         min = res->start - entry->offset;
176         max = res->end - entry->offset;
177         base = __pa(io_space[space_nr].mmio_base);
178         base_port = IO_SPACE_BASE(space_nr);
179         snprintf(name, len, "%s I/O Ports %08lx-%08lx", info->common.name,
180                  base_port + min, base_port + max);
181 
182         /*
183          * The SDM guarantees the legacy 0-64K space is sparse, but if the
184          * mapping is done by the processor (not the bridge), ACPI may not
185          * mark it as sparse.
186          */
187         if (space_nr == 0)
188                 sparse = 1;
189 
190         resource = iospace->res;
191         resource->name  = name;
192         resource->flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
193         resource->start = base + (sparse ? IO_SPACE_SPARSE_ENCODING(min) : min);
194         resource->end   = base + (sparse ? IO_SPACE_SPARSE_ENCODING(max) : max);
195         if (insert_resource(&iomem_resource, resource)) {
196                 dev_err(dev,
197                         "can't allocate host bridge io space resource  %pR\n",
198                         resource);
199                 goto free_resource;
200         }
201 
202         entry->offset = base_port;
203         res->start = min + base_port;
204         res->end = max + base_port;
205         resource_list_add_tail(iospace, &info->io_resources);
206 
207         return 0;
208 
209 free_resource:
210         resource_list_free_entry(iospace);
211         return -ENOSPC;
212 }
213 
214 /*
215  * An IO port or MMIO resource assigned to a PCI host bridge may be
216  * consumed by the host bridge itself or available to its child
217  * bus/devices. The ACPI specification defines a bit (Producer/Consumer)
218  * to tell whether the resource is consumed by the host bridge itself,
219  * but firmware hasn't used that bit consistently, so we can't rely on it.
220  *
221  * On x86 and IA64 platforms, all IO port and MMIO resources are assumed
222  * to be available to child bus/devices except one special case:
223  *     IO port [0xCF8-0xCFF] is consumed by the host bridge itself
224  *     to access PCI configuration space.
225  *
226  * So explicitly filter out PCI CFG IO ports[0xCF8-0xCFF].
227  */
228 static bool resource_is_pcicfg_ioport(struct resource *res)
229 {
230         return (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) &&
231                 res->start == 0xCF8 && res->end == 0xCFF;
232 }
233 
234 static int pci_acpi_root_prepare_resources(struct acpi_pci_root_info *ci)
235 {
236         struct device *dev = &ci->bridge->dev;
237         struct pci_root_info *info;
238         struct resource *res;
239         struct resource_entry *entry, *tmp;
240         int status;
241 
242         status = acpi_pci_probe_root_resources(ci);
243         if (status > 0) {
244                 info = container_of(ci, struct pci_root_info, common);
245                 resource_list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &ci->resources) {
246                         res = entry->res;
247                         if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) {
248                                 /*
249                                  * HP's firmware has a hack to work around a
250                                  * Windows bug. Ignore these tiny memory ranges.
251                                  */
252                                 if (resource_size(res) <= 16) {
253                                         resource_list_del(entry);
254                                         insert_resource(&iomem_resource,
255                                                         entry->res);
256                                         resource_list_add_tail(entry,
257                                                         &info->io_resources);
258                                 }
259                         } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) {
260                                 if (resource_is_pcicfg_ioport(entry->res))
261                                         resource_list_destroy_entry(entry);
262                                 else if (add_io_space(dev, info, entry))
263                                         resource_list_destroy_entry(entry);
264                         }
265                 }
266         }
267 
268         return status;
269 }
270 
271 static void pci_acpi_root_release_info(struct acpi_pci_root_info *ci)
272 {
273         struct pci_root_info *info;
274         struct resource_entry *entry, *tmp;
275 
276         info = container_of(ci, struct pci_root_info, common);
277         resource_list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &info->io_resources) {
278                 release_resource(entry->res);
279                 resource_list_destroy_entry(entry);
280         }
281         kfree(info);
282 }
283 
284 static struct acpi_pci_root_ops pci_acpi_root_ops = {
285         .pci_ops = &pci_root_ops,
286         .release_info = pci_acpi_root_release_info,
287         .prepare_resources = pci_acpi_root_prepare_resources,
288 };
289 
290 struct pci_bus *pci_acpi_scan_root(struct acpi_pci_root *root)
291 {
292         struct acpi_device *device = root->device;
293         struct pci_root_info *info;
294 
295         info = kzalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
296         if (!info) {
297                 dev_err(&device->dev,
298                         "pci_bus %04x:%02x: ignored (out of memory)\n",
299                         root->segment, (int)root->secondary.start);
300                 return NULL;
301         }
302 
303         info->controller.segment = root->segment;
304         info->controller.companion = device;
305         info->controller.node = acpi_get_node(device->handle);
306         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&info->io_resources);
307         return acpi_pci_root_create(root, &pci_acpi_root_ops,
308                                     &info->common, &info->controller);
309 }
310 
311 int pcibios_root_bridge_prepare(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
312 {
313         /*
314          * We pass NULL as parent to pci_create_root_bus(), so if it is not NULL
315          * here, pci_create_root_bus() has been called by someone else and
316          * sysdata is likely to be different from what we expect.  Let it go in
317          * that case.
318          */
319         if (!bridge->dev.parent) {
320                 struct pci_controller *controller = bridge->bus->sysdata;
321                 ACPI_COMPANION_SET(&bridge->dev, controller->companion);
322         }
323         return 0;
324 }
325 
326 void pcibios_fixup_device_resources(struct pci_dev *dev)
327 {
328         int idx;
329 
330         if (!dev->bus)
331                 return;
332 
333         for (idx = 0; idx < PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES; idx++) {
334                 struct resource *r = &dev->resource[idx];
335 
336                 if (!r->flags || r->parent || !r->start)
337                         continue;
338 
339                 pci_claim_resource(dev, idx);
340         }
341 }
342 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pcibios_fixup_device_resources);
343 
344 static void pcibios_fixup_bridge_resources(struct pci_dev *dev)
345 {
346         int idx;
347 
348         if (!dev->bus)
349                 return;
350 
351         for (idx = PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES; idx < PCI_NUM_RESOURCES; idx++) {
352                 struct resource *r = &dev->resource[idx];
353 
354                 if (!r->flags || r->parent || !r->start)
355                         continue;
356 
357                 pci_claim_bridge_resource(dev, idx);
358         }
359 }
360 
361 /*
362  *  Called after each bus is probed, but before its children are examined.
363  */
364 void pcibios_fixup_bus(struct pci_bus *b)
365 {
366         struct pci_dev *dev;
367 
368         if (b->self) {
369                 pci_read_bridge_bases(b);
370                 pcibios_fixup_bridge_resources(b->self);
371         }
372         list_for_each_entry(dev, &b->devices, bus_list)
373                 pcibios_fixup_device_resources(dev);
374         platform_pci_fixup_bus(b);
375 }
376 
377 void pcibios_add_bus(struct pci_bus *bus)
378 {
379         acpi_pci_add_bus(bus);
380 }
381 
382 void pcibios_remove_bus(struct pci_bus *bus)
383 {
384         acpi_pci_remove_bus(bus);
385 }
386 
387 void pcibios_set_master (struct pci_dev *dev)
388 {
389         /* No special bus mastering setup handling */
390 }
391 
392 int
393 pcibios_enable_device (struct pci_dev *dev, int mask)
394 {
395         int ret;
396 
397         ret = pci_enable_resources(dev, mask);
398         if (ret < 0)
399                 return ret;
400 
401         if (!dev->msi_enabled)
402                 return acpi_pci_irq_enable(dev);
403         return 0;
404 }
405 
406 void
407 pcibios_disable_device (struct pci_dev *dev)
408 {
409         BUG_ON(atomic_read(&dev->enable_cnt));
410         if (!dev->msi_enabled)
411                 acpi_pci_irq_disable(dev);
412 }
413 
414 resource_size_t
415 pcibios_align_resource (void *data, const struct resource *res,
416                         resource_size_t size, resource_size_t align)
417 {
418         return res->start;
419 }
420 
421 /**
422  * ia64_pci_get_legacy_mem - generic legacy mem routine
423  * @bus: bus to get legacy memory base address for
424  *
425  * Find the base of legacy memory for @bus.  This is typically the first
426  * megabyte of bus address space for @bus or is simply 0 on platforms whose
427  * chipsets support legacy I/O and memory routing.  Returns the base address
428  * or an error pointer if an error occurred.
429  *
430  * This is the ia64 generic version of this routine.  Other platforms
431  * are free to override it with a machine vector.
432  */
433 char *ia64_pci_get_legacy_mem(struct pci_bus *bus)
434 {
435         return (char *)__IA64_UNCACHED_OFFSET;
436 }
437 
438 /**
439  * pci_mmap_legacy_page_range - map legacy memory space to userland
440  * @bus: bus whose legacy space we're mapping
441  * @vma: vma passed in by mmap
442  *
443  * Map legacy memory space for this device back to userspace using a machine
444  * vector to get the base address.
445  */
446 int
447 pci_mmap_legacy_page_range(struct pci_bus *bus, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
448                            enum pci_mmap_state mmap_state)
449 {
450         unsigned long size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
451         pgprot_t prot;
452         char *addr;
453 
454         /* We only support mmap'ing of legacy memory space */
455         if (mmap_state != pci_mmap_mem)
456                 return -ENOSYS;
457 
458         /*
459          * Avoid attribute aliasing.  See Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt
460          * for more details.
461          */
462         if (!valid_mmap_phys_addr_range(vma->vm_pgoff, size))
463                 return -EINVAL;
464         prot = phys_mem_access_prot(NULL, vma->vm_pgoff, size,
465                                     vma->vm_page_prot);
466 
467         addr = pci_get_legacy_mem(bus);
468         if (IS_ERR(addr))
469                 return PTR_ERR(addr);
470 
471         vma->vm_pgoff += (unsigned long)addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
472         vma->vm_page_prot = prot;
473 
474         if (remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
475                             size, vma->vm_page_prot))
476                 return -EAGAIN;
477 
478         return 0;
479 }
480 
481 /**
482  * ia64_pci_legacy_read - read from legacy I/O space
483  * @bus: bus to read
484  * @port: legacy port value
485  * @val: caller allocated storage for returned value
486  * @size: number of bytes to read
487  *
488  * Simply reads @size bytes from @port and puts the result in @val.
489  *
490  * Again, this (and the write routine) are generic versions that can be
491  * overridden by the platform.  This is necessary on platforms that don't
492  * support legacy I/O routing or that hard fail on legacy I/O timeouts.
493  */
494 int ia64_pci_legacy_read(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 port, u32 *val, u8 size)
495 {
496         int ret = size;
497 
498         switch (size) {
499         case 1:
500                 *val = inb(port);
501                 break;
502         case 2:
503                 *val = inw(port);
504                 break;
505         case 4:
506                 *val = inl(port);
507                 break;
508         default:
509                 ret = -EINVAL;
510                 break;
511         }
512 
513         return ret;
514 }
515 
516 /**
517  * ia64_pci_legacy_write - perform a legacy I/O write
518  * @bus: bus pointer
519  * @port: port to write
520  * @val: value to write
521  * @size: number of bytes to write from @val
522  *
523  * Simply writes @size bytes of @val to @port.
524  */
525 int ia64_pci_legacy_write(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 port, u32 val, u8 size)
526 {
527         int ret = size;
528 
529         switch (size) {
530         case 1:
531                 outb(val, port);
532                 break;
533         case 2:
534                 outw(val, port);
535                 break;
536         case 4:
537                 outl(val, port);
538                 break;
539         default:
540                 ret = -EINVAL;
541                 break;
542         }
543 
544         return ret;
545 }
546 
547 /**
548  * set_pci_cacheline_size - determine cacheline size for PCI devices
549  *
550  * We want to use the line-size of the outer-most cache.  We assume
551  * that this line-size is the same for all CPUs.
552  *
553  * Code mostly taken from arch/ia64/kernel/palinfo.c:cache_info().
554  */
555 static void __init set_pci_dfl_cacheline_size(void)
556 {
557         unsigned long levels, unique_caches;
558         long status;
559         pal_cache_config_info_t cci;
560 
561         status = ia64_pal_cache_summary(&levels, &unique_caches);
562         if (status != 0) {
563                 pr_err("%s: ia64_pal_cache_summary() failed "
564                         "(status=%ld)\n", __func__, status);
565                 return;
566         }
567 
568         status = ia64_pal_cache_config_info(levels - 1,
569                                 /* cache_type (data_or_unified)= */ 2, &cci);
570         if (status != 0) {
571                 pr_err("%s: ia64_pal_cache_config_info() failed "
572                         "(status=%ld)\n", __func__, status);
573                 return;
574         }
575         pci_dfl_cache_line_size = (1 << cci.pcci_line_size) / 4;
576 }
577 
578 u64 ia64_dma_get_required_mask(struct device *dev)
579 {
580         u32 low_totalram = ((max_pfn - 1) << PAGE_SHIFT);
581         u32 high_totalram = ((max_pfn - 1) >> (32 - PAGE_SHIFT));
582         u64 mask;
583 
584         if (!high_totalram) {
585                 /* convert to mask just covering totalram */
586                 low_totalram = (1 << (fls(low_totalram) - 1));
587                 low_totalram += low_totalram - 1;
588                 mask = low_totalram;
589         } else {
590                 high_totalram = (1 << (fls(high_totalram) - 1));
591                 high_totalram += high_totalram - 1;
592                 mask = (((u64)high_totalram) << 32) + 0xffffffff;
593         }
594         return mask;
595 }
596 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ia64_dma_get_required_mask);
597 
598 u64 dma_get_required_mask(struct device *dev)
599 {
600         return platform_dma_get_required_mask(dev);
601 }
602 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_get_required_mask);
603 
604 static int __init pcibios_init(void)
605 {
606         set_pci_dfl_cacheline_size();
607         return 0;
608 }
609 
610 subsys_initcall(pcibios_init);
611 

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