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TOMOYO Linux Cross Reference
Linux/fs/fat/inode.c

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  1 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
  2 /*
  3  *  linux/fs/fat/inode.c
  4  *
  5  *  Written 1992,1993 by Werner Almesberger
  6  *  VFAT extensions by Gordon Chaffee, merged with msdos fs by Henrik Storner
  7  *  Rewritten for the constant inumbers support by Al Viro
  8  *
  9  *  Fixes:
 10  *
 11  *      Max Cohan: Fixed invalid FSINFO offset when info_sector is 0
 12  */
 13 
 14 #include <linux/module.h>
 15 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
 16 #include <linux/mpage.h>
 17 #include <linux/vfs.h>
 18 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 19 #include <linux/parser.h>
 20 #include <linux/uio.h>
 21 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
 22 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
 23 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
 24 #include <linux/iversion.h>
 25 #include "fat.h"
 26 
 27 #ifndef CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET
 28 /* if user don't select VFAT, this is undefined. */
 29 #define CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET    ""
 30 #endif
 31 
 32 #define KB_IN_SECTORS 2
 33 
 34 /* DOS dates from 1980/1/1 through 2107/12/31 */
 35 #define FAT_DATE_MIN (0<<9 | 1<<5 | 1)
 36 #define FAT_DATE_MAX (127<<9 | 12<<5 | 31)
 37 #define FAT_TIME_MAX (23<<11 | 59<<5 | 29)
 38 
 39 /*
 40  * A deserialized copy of the on-disk structure laid out in struct
 41  * fat_boot_sector.
 42  */
 43 struct fat_bios_param_block {
 44         u16     fat_sector_size;
 45         u8      fat_sec_per_clus;
 46         u16     fat_reserved;
 47         u8      fat_fats;
 48         u16     fat_dir_entries;
 49         u16     fat_sectors;
 50         u16     fat_fat_length;
 51         u32     fat_total_sect;
 52 
 53         u8      fat16_state;
 54         u32     fat16_vol_id;
 55 
 56         u32     fat32_length;
 57         u32     fat32_root_cluster;
 58         u16     fat32_info_sector;
 59         u8      fat32_state;
 60         u32     fat32_vol_id;
 61 };
 62 
 63 static int fat_default_codepage = CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_CODEPAGE;
 64 static char fat_default_iocharset[] = CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET;
 65 
 66 static struct fat_floppy_defaults {
 67         unsigned nr_sectors;
 68         unsigned sec_per_clus;
 69         unsigned dir_entries;
 70         unsigned media;
 71         unsigned fat_length;
 72 } floppy_defaults[] = {
 73 {
 74         .nr_sectors = 160 * KB_IN_SECTORS,
 75         .sec_per_clus = 1,
 76         .dir_entries = 64,
 77         .media = 0xFE,
 78         .fat_length = 1,
 79 },
 80 {
 81         .nr_sectors = 180 * KB_IN_SECTORS,
 82         .sec_per_clus = 1,
 83         .dir_entries = 64,
 84         .media = 0xFC,
 85         .fat_length = 2,
 86 },
 87 {
 88         .nr_sectors = 320 * KB_IN_SECTORS,
 89         .sec_per_clus = 2,
 90         .dir_entries = 112,
 91         .media = 0xFF,
 92         .fat_length = 1,
 93 },
 94 {
 95         .nr_sectors = 360 * KB_IN_SECTORS,
 96         .sec_per_clus = 2,
 97         .dir_entries = 112,
 98         .media = 0xFD,
 99         .fat_length = 2,
100 },
101 };
102 
103 int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode)
104 {
105         int err, cluster;
106 
107         err = fat_alloc_clusters(inode, &cluster, 1);
108         if (err)
109                 return err;
110         /* FIXME: this cluster should be added after data of this
111          * cluster is writed */
112         err = fat_chain_add(inode, cluster, 1);
113         if (err)
114                 fat_free_clusters(inode, cluster);
115         return err;
116 }
117 
118 static inline int __fat_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
119                                   unsigned long *max_blocks,
120                                   struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
121 {
122         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
123         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
124         unsigned long mapped_blocks;
125         sector_t phys, last_block;
126         int err, offset;
127 
128         err = fat_bmap(inode, iblock, &phys, &mapped_blocks, create, false);
129         if (err)
130                 return err;
131         if (phys) {
132                 map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys);
133                 *max_blocks = min(mapped_blocks, *max_blocks);
134                 return 0;
135         }
136         if (!create)
137                 return 0;
138 
139         if (iblock != MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private >> sb->s_blocksize_bits) {
140                 fat_fs_error(sb, "corrupted file size (i_pos %lld, %lld)",
141                         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos, MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private);
142                 return -EIO;
143         }
144 
145         last_block = inode->i_blocks >> (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9);
146         offset = (unsigned long)iblock & (sbi->sec_per_clus - 1);
147         /*
148          * allocate a cluster according to the following.
149          * 1) no more available blocks
150          * 2) not part of fallocate region
151          */
152         if (!offset && !(iblock < last_block)) {
153                 /* TODO: multiple cluster allocation would be desirable. */
154                 err = fat_add_cluster(inode);
155                 if (err)
156                         return err;
157         }
158         /* available blocks on this cluster */
159         mapped_blocks = sbi->sec_per_clus - offset;
160 
161         *max_blocks = min(mapped_blocks, *max_blocks);
162         MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private += *max_blocks << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
163 
164         err = fat_bmap(inode, iblock, &phys, &mapped_blocks, create, false);
165         if (err)
166                 return err;
167         if (!phys) {
168                 fat_fs_error(sb,
169                              "invalid FAT chain (i_pos %lld, last_block %llu)",
170                              MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos,
171                              (unsigned long long)last_block);
172                 return -EIO;
173         }
174 
175         BUG_ON(*max_blocks != mapped_blocks);
176         set_buffer_new(bh_result);
177         map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys);
178 
179         return 0;
180 }
181 
182 static int fat_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
183                          struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
184 {
185         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
186         unsigned long max_blocks = bh_result->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
187         int err;
188 
189         err = __fat_get_block(inode, iblock, &max_blocks, bh_result, create);
190         if (err)
191                 return err;
192         bh_result->b_size = max_blocks << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
193         return 0;
194 }
195 
196 static int fat_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
197 {
198         return block_write_full_page(page, fat_get_block, wbc);
199 }
200 
201 static int fat_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
202                           struct writeback_control *wbc)
203 {
204         return mpage_writepages(mapping, wbc, fat_get_block);
205 }
206 
207 static int fat_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page)
208 {
209         return mpage_readpage(page, fat_get_block);
210 }
211 
212 static int fat_readpages(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
213                          struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages)
214 {
215         return mpage_readpages(mapping, pages, nr_pages, fat_get_block);
216 }
217 
218 static void fat_write_failed(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t to)
219 {
220         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
221 
222         if (to > inode->i_size) {
223                 truncate_pagecache(inode, inode->i_size);
224                 fat_truncate_blocks(inode, inode->i_size);
225         }
226 }
227 
228 static int fat_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
229                         loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
230                         struct page **pagep, void **fsdata)
231 {
232         int err;
233 
234         *pagep = NULL;
235         err = cont_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags,
236                                 pagep, fsdata, fat_get_block,
237                                 &MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->mmu_private);
238         if (err < 0)
239                 fat_write_failed(mapping, pos + len);
240         return err;
241 }
242 
243 static int fat_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
244                         loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
245                         struct page *pagep, void *fsdata)
246 {
247         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
248         int err;
249         err = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, pagep, fsdata);
250         if (err < len)
251                 fat_write_failed(mapping, pos + len);
252         if (!(err < 0) && !(MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs & ATTR_ARCH)) {
253                 fat_truncate_time(inode, NULL, S_CTIME|S_MTIME);
254                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs |= ATTR_ARCH;
255                 mark_inode_dirty(inode);
256         }
257         return err;
258 }
259 
260 static ssize_t fat_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter)
261 {
262         struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
263         struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
264         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
265         size_t count = iov_iter_count(iter);
266         loff_t offset = iocb->ki_pos;
267         ssize_t ret;
268 
269         if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == WRITE) {
270                 /*
271                  * FIXME: blockdev_direct_IO() doesn't use ->write_begin(),
272                  * so we need to update the ->mmu_private to block boundary.
273                  *
274                  * But we must fill the remaining area or hole by nul for
275                  * updating ->mmu_private.
276                  *
277                  * Return 0, and fallback to normal buffered write.
278                  */
279                 loff_t size = offset + count;
280                 if (MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private < size)
281                         return 0;
282         }
283 
284         /*
285          * FAT need to use the DIO_LOCKING for avoiding the race
286          * condition of fat_get_block() and ->truncate().
287          */
288         ret = blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, iter, fat_get_block);
289         if (ret < 0 && iov_iter_rw(iter) == WRITE)
290                 fat_write_failed(mapping, offset + count);
291 
292         return ret;
293 }
294 
295 static int fat_get_block_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
296                 struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
297 {
298         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
299         unsigned long max_blocks = bh_result->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
300         int err;
301         sector_t bmap;
302         unsigned long mapped_blocks;
303 
304         BUG_ON(create != 0);
305 
306         err = fat_bmap(inode, iblock, &bmap, &mapped_blocks, create, true);
307         if (err)
308                 return err;
309 
310         if (bmap) {
311                 map_bh(bh_result, sb, bmap);
312                 max_blocks = min(mapped_blocks, max_blocks);
313         }
314 
315         bh_result->b_size = max_blocks << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
316 
317         return 0;
318 }
319 
320 static sector_t _fat_bmap(struct address_space *mapping, sector_t block)
321 {
322         sector_t blocknr;
323 
324         /* fat_get_cluster() assumes the requested blocknr isn't truncated. */
325         down_read(&MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->truncate_lock);
326         blocknr = generic_block_bmap(mapping, block, fat_get_block_bmap);
327         up_read(&MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->truncate_lock);
328 
329         return blocknr;
330 }
331 
332 /*
333  * fat_block_truncate_page() zeroes out a mapping from file offset `from'
334  * up to the end of the block which corresponds to `from'.
335  * This is required during truncate to physically zeroout the tail end
336  * of that block so it doesn't yield old data if the file is later grown.
337  * Also, avoid causing failure from fsx for cases of "data past EOF"
338  */
339 int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from)
340 {
341         return block_truncate_page(inode->i_mapping, from, fat_get_block);
342 }
343 
344 static const struct address_space_operations fat_aops = {
345         .readpage       = fat_readpage,
346         .readpages      = fat_readpages,
347         .writepage      = fat_writepage,
348         .writepages     = fat_writepages,
349         .write_begin    = fat_write_begin,
350         .write_end      = fat_write_end,
351         .direct_IO      = fat_direct_IO,
352         .bmap           = _fat_bmap
353 };
354 
355 /*
356  * New FAT inode stuff. We do the following:
357  *      a) i_ino is constant and has nothing with on-disk location.
358  *      b) FAT manages its own cache of directory entries.
359  *      c) *This* cache is indexed by on-disk location.
360  *      d) inode has an associated directory entry, all right, but
361  *              it may be unhashed.
362  *      e) currently entries are stored within struct inode. That should
363  *              change.
364  *      f) we deal with races in the following way:
365  *              1. readdir() and lookup() do FAT-dir-cache lookup.
366  *              2. rename() unhashes the F-d-c entry and rehashes it in
367  *                      a new place.
368  *              3. unlink() and rmdir() unhash F-d-c entry.
369  *              4. fat_write_inode() checks whether the thing is unhashed.
370  *                      If it is we silently return. If it isn't we do bread(),
371  *                      check if the location is still valid and retry if it
372  *                      isn't. Otherwise we do changes.
373  *              5. Spinlock is used to protect hash/unhash/location check/lookup
374  *              6. fat_evict_inode() unhashes the F-d-c entry.
375  *              7. lookup() and readdir() do igrab() if they find a F-d-c entry
376  *                      and consider negative result as cache miss.
377  */
378 
379 static void fat_hash_init(struct super_block *sb)
380 {
381         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
382         int i;
383 
384         spin_lock_init(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
385         for (i = 0; i < FAT_HASH_SIZE; i++)
386                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sbi->inode_hashtable[i]);
387 }
388 
389 static inline unsigned long fat_hash(loff_t i_pos)
390 {
391         return hash_32(i_pos, FAT_HASH_BITS);
392 }
393 
394 static void dir_hash_init(struct super_block *sb)
395 {
396         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
397         int i;
398 
399         spin_lock_init(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
400         for (i = 0; i < FAT_HASH_SIZE; i++)
401                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sbi->dir_hashtable[i]);
402 }
403 
404 void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos)
405 {
406         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
407 
408         if (inode->i_ino != MSDOS_ROOT_INO) {
409                 struct hlist_head *head =   sbi->inode_hashtable
410                                           + fat_hash(i_pos);
411 
412                 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
413                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = i_pos;
414                 hlist_add_head(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_fat_hash, head);
415                 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
416         }
417 
418         /* If NFS support is enabled, cache the mapping of start cluster
419          * to directory inode. This is used during reconnection of
420          * dentries to the filesystem root.
421          */
422         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && sbi->options.nfs) {
423                 struct hlist_head *d_head = sbi->dir_hashtable;
424                 d_head += fat_dir_hash(MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart);
425 
426                 spin_lock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
427                 hlist_add_head(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_dir_hash, d_head);
428                 spin_unlock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
429         }
430 }
431 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_attach);
432 
433 void fat_detach(struct inode *inode)
434 {
435         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
436         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
437         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
438         hlist_del_init(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_fat_hash);
439         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
440 
441         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && sbi->options.nfs) {
442                 spin_lock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
443                 hlist_del_init(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_dir_hash);
444                 spin_unlock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
445         }
446 }
447 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_detach);
448 
449 struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos)
450 {
451         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
452         struct hlist_head *head = sbi->inode_hashtable + fat_hash(i_pos);
453         struct msdos_inode_info *i;
454         struct inode *inode = NULL;
455 
456         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
457         hlist_for_each_entry(i, head, i_fat_hash) {
458                 BUG_ON(i->vfs_inode.i_sb != sb);
459                 if (i->i_pos != i_pos)
460                         continue;
461                 inode = igrab(&i->vfs_inode);
462                 if (inode)
463                         break;
464         }
465         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
466         return inode;
467 }
468 
469 static int is_exec(unsigned char *extension)
470 {
471         unsigned char exe_extensions[] = "EXECOMBAT", *walk;
472 
473         for (walk = exe_extensions; *walk; walk += 3)
474                 if (!strncmp(extension, walk, 3))
475                         return 1;
476         return 0;
477 }
478 
479 static int fat_calc_dir_size(struct inode *inode)
480 {
481         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
482         int ret, fclus, dclus;
483 
484         inode->i_size = 0;
485         if (MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start == 0)
486                 return 0;
487 
488         ret = fat_get_cluster(inode, FAT_ENT_EOF, &fclus, &dclus);
489         if (ret < 0)
490                 return ret;
491         inode->i_size = (fclus + 1) << sbi->cluster_bits;
492 
493         return 0;
494 }
495 
496 static int fat_validate_dir(struct inode *dir)
497 {
498         struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
499 
500         if (dir->i_nlink < 2) {
501                 /* Directory should have "."/".." entries at least. */
502                 fat_fs_error(sb, "corrupted directory (invalid entries)");
503                 return -EIO;
504         }
505         if (MSDOS_I(dir)->i_start == 0 ||
506             MSDOS_I(dir)->i_start == MSDOS_SB(sb)->root_cluster) {
507                 /* Directory should point valid cluster. */
508                 fat_fs_error(sb, "corrupted directory (invalid i_start)");
509                 return -EIO;
510         }
511         return 0;
512 }
513 
514 /* doesn't deal with root inode */
515 int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de)
516 {
517         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
518         int error;
519 
520         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
521         inode->i_uid = sbi->options.fs_uid;
522         inode->i_gid = sbi->options.fs_gid;
523         inode_inc_iversion(inode);
524         inode->i_generation = get_seconds();
525 
526         if ((de->attr & ATTR_DIR) && !IS_FREE(de->name)) {
527                 inode->i_generation &= ~1;
528                 inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, de->attr, S_IRWXUGO);
529                 inode->i_op = sbi->dir_ops;
530                 inode->i_fop = &fat_dir_operations;
531 
532                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = fat_get_start(sbi, de);
533                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start;
534                 error = fat_calc_dir_size(inode);
535                 if (error < 0)
536                         return error;
537                 MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
538 
539                 set_nlink(inode, fat_subdirs(inode));
540 
541                 error = fat_validate_dir(inode);
542                 if (error < 0)
543                         return error;
544         } else { /* not a directory */
545                 inode->i_generation |= 1;
546                 inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, de->attr,
547                         ((sbi->options.showexec && !is_exec(de->name + 8))
548                          ? S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO : S_IRWXUGO));
549                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = fat_get_start(sbi, de);
550 
551                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start;
552                 inode->i_size = le32_to_cpu(de->size);
553                 inode->i_op = &fat_file_inode_operations;
554                 inode->i_fop = &fat_file_operations;
555                 inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &fat_aops;
556                 MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
557         }
558         if (de->attr & ATTR_SYS) {
559                 if (sbi->options.sys_immutable)
560                         inode->i_flags |= S_IMMUTABLE;
561         }
562         fat_save_attrs(inode, de->attr);
563 
564         inode->i_blocks = ((inode->i_size + (sbi->cluster_size - 1))
565                            & ~((loff_t)sbi->cluster_size - 1)) >> 9;
566 
567         fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_mtime, de->time, de->date, 0);
568         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
569                 fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_ctime, de->ctime,
570                                   de->cdate, de->ctime_cs);
571                 fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_atime, 0, de->adate, 0);
572         } else
573                 fat_truncate_time(inode, &inode->i_mtime, S_ATIME|S_CTIME);
574 
575         return 0;
576 }
577 
578 static inline void fat_lock_build_inode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi)
579 {
580         if (sbi->options.nfs == FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO)
581                 mutex_lock(&sbi->nfs_build_inode_lock);
582 }
583 
584 static inline void fat_unlock_build_inode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi)
585 {
586         if (sbi->options.nfs == FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO)
587                 mutex_unlock(&sbi->nfs_build_inode_lock);
588 }
589 
590 struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb,
591                         struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos)
592 {
593         struct inode *inode;
594         int err;
595 
596         fat_lock_build_inode(MSDOS_SB(sb));
597         inode = fat_iget(sb, i_pos);
598         if (inode)
599                 goto out;
600         inode = new_inode(sb);
601         if (!inode) {
602                 inode = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
603                 goto out;
604         }
605         inode->i_ino = iunique(sb, MSDOS_ROOT_INO);
606         inode_set_iversion(inode, 1);
607         err = fat_fill_inode(inode, de);
608         if (err) {
609                 iput(inode);
610                 inode = ERR_PTR(err);
611                 goto out;
612         }
613         fat_attach(inode, i_pos);
614         insert_inode_hash(inode);
615 out:
616         fat_unlock_build_inode(MSDOS_SB(sb));
617         return inode;
618 }
619 
620 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_build_inode);
621 
622 static int __fat_write_inode(struct inode *inode, int wait);
623 
624 static void fat_free_eofblocks(struct inode *inode)
625 {
626         /* Release unwritten fallocated blocks on inode eviction. */
627         if ((inode->i_blocks << 9) >
628                         round_up(MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private,
629                                 MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb)->cluster_size)) {
630                 int err;
631 
632                 fat_truncate_blocks(inode, MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private);
633                 /* Fallocate results in updating the i_start/iogstart
634                  * for the zero byte file. So, make it return to
635                  * original state during evict and commit it to avoid
636                  * any corruption on the next access to the cluster
637                  * chain for the file.
638                  */
639                 err = __fat_write_inode(inode, inode_needs_sync(inode));
640                 if (err) {
641                         fat_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_WARNING, "Failed to "
642                                         "update on disk inode for unused "
643                                         "fallocated blocks, inode could be "
644                                         "corrupted. Please run fsck");
645                 }
646 
647         }
648 }
649 
650 static void fat_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
651 {
652         truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data);
653         if (!inode->i_nlink) {
654                 inode->i_size = 0;
655                 fat_truncate_blocks(inode, 0);
656         } else
657                 fat_free_eofblocks(inode);
658 
659         invalidate_inode_buffers(inode);
660         clear_inode(inode);
661         fat_cache_inval_inode(inode);
662         fat_detach(inode);
663 }
664 
665 static void fat_set_state(struct super_block *sb,
666                         unsigned int set, unsigned int force)
667 {
668         struct buffer_head *bh;
669         struct fat_boot_sector *b;
670         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
671 
672         /* do not change any thing if mounted read only */
673         if (sb_rdonly(sb) && !force)
674                 return;
675 
676         /* do not change state if fs was dirty */
677         if (sbi->dirty) {
678                 /* warn only on set (mount). */
679                 if (set)
680                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Volume was not properly "
681                                 "unmounted. Some data may be corrupt. "
682                                 "Please run fsck.");
683                 return;
684         }
685 
686         bh = sb_bread(sb, 0);
687         if (bh == NULL) {
688                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read boot sector "
689                         "to mark fs as dirty");
690                 return;
691         }
692 
693         b = (struct fat_boot_sector *) bh->b_data;
694 
695         if (is_fat32(sbi)) {
696                 if (set)
697                         b->fat32.state |= FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
698                 else
699                         b->fat32.state &= ~FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
700         } else /* fat 16 and 12 */ {
701                 if (set)
702                         b->fat16.state |= FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
703                 else
704                         b->fat16.state &= ~FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
705         }
706 
707         mark_buffer_dirty(bh);
708         sync_dirty_buffer(bh);
709         brelse(bh);
710 }
711 
712 static void fat_reset_iocharset(struct fat_mount_options *opts)
713 {
714         if (opts->iocharset != fat_default_iocharset) {
715                 /* Note: opts->iocharset can be NULL here */
716                 kfree(opts->iocharset);
717                 opts->iocharset = fat_default_iocharset;
718         }
719 }
720 
721 static void delayed_free(struct rcu_head *p)
722 {
723         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = container_of(p, struct msdos_sb_info, rcu);
724         unload_nls(sbi->nls_disk);
725         unload_nls(sbi->nls_io);
726         fat_reset_iocharset(&sbi->options);
727         kfree(sbi);
728 }
729 
730 static void fat_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
731 {
732         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
733 
734         fat_set_state(sb, 0, 0);
735 
736         iput(sbi->fsinfo_inode);
737         iput(sbi->fat_inode);
738 
739         call_rcu(&sbi->rcu, delayed_free);
740 }
741 
742 static struct kmem_cache *fat_inode_cachep;
743 
744 static struct inode *fat_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
745 {
746         struct msdos_inode_info *ei;
747         ei = kmem_cache_alloc(fat_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
748         if (!ei)
749                 return NULL;
750 
751         init_rwsem(&ei->truncate_lock);
752         return &ei->vfs_inode;
753 }
754 
755 static void fat_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
756 {
757         kmem_cache_free(fat_inode_cachep, MSDOS_I(inode));
758 }
759 
760 static void init_once(void *foo)
761 {
762         struct msdos_inode_info *ei = (struct msdos_inode_info *)foo;
763 
764         spin_lock_init(&ei->cache_lru_lock);
765         ei->nr_caches = 0;
766         ei->cache_valid_id = FAT_CACHE_VALID + 1;
767         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->cache_lru);
768         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ei->i_fat_hash);
769         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ei->i_dir_hash);
770         inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
771 }
772 
773 static int __init fat_init_inodecache(void)
774 {
775         fat_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fat_inode_cache",
776                                              sizeof(struct msdos_inode_info),
777                                              0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|
778                                                 SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_ACCOUNT),
779                                              init_once);
780         if (fat_inode_cachep == NULL)
781                 return -ENOMEM;
782         return 0;
783 }
784 
785 static void __exit fat_destroy_inodecache(void)
786 {
787         /*
788          * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we
789          * destroy cache.
790          */
791         rcu_barrier();
792         kmem_cache_destroy(fat_inode_cachep);
793 }
794 
795 static int fat_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
796 {
797         bool new_rdonly;
798         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
799         *flags |= SB_NODIRATIME | (sbi->options.isvfat ? 0 : SB_NOATIME);
800 
801         sync_filesystem(sb);
802 
803         /* make sure we update state on remount. */
804         new_rdonly = *flags & SB_RDONLY;
805         if (new_rdonly != sb_rdonly(sb)) {
806                 if (new_rdonly)
807                         fat_set_state(sb, 0, 0);
808                 else
809                         fat_set_state(sb, 1, 1);
810         }
811         return 0;
812 }
813 
814 static int fat_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
815 {
816         struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
817         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
818         u64 id = huge_encode_dev(sb->s_bdev->bd_dev);
819 
820         /* If the count of free cluster is still unknown, counts it here. */
821         if (sbi->free_clusters == -1 || !sbi->free_clus_valid) {
822                 int err = fat_count_free_clusters(dentry->d_sb);
823                 if (err)
824                         return err;
825         }
826 
827         buf->f_type = dentry->d_sb->s_magic;
828         buf->f_bsize = sbi->cluster_size;
829         buf->f_blocks = sbi->max_cluster - FAT_START_ENT;
830         buf->f_bfree = sbi->free_clusters;
831         buf->f_bavail = sbi->free_clusters;
832         buf->f_fsid.val[0] = (u32)id;
833         buf->f_fsid.val[1] = (u32)(id >> 32);
834         buf->f_namelen =
835                 (sbi->options.isvfat ? FAT_LFN_LEN : 12) * NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE;
836 
837         return 0;
838 }
839 
840 static int __fat_write_inode(struct inode *inode, int wait)
841 {
842         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
843         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
844         struct buffer_head *bh;
845         struct msdos_dir_entry *raw_entry;
846         loff_t i_pos;
847         sector_t blocknr;
848         int err, offset;
849 
850         if (inode->i_ino == MSDOS_ROOT_INO)
851                 return 0;
852 
853 retry:
854         i_pos = fat_i_pos_read(sbi, inode);
855         if (!i_pos)
856                 return 0;
857 
858         fat_get_blknr_offset(sbi, i_pos, &blocknr, &offset);
859         bh = sb_bread(sb, blocknr);
860         if (!bh) {
861                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read inode block "
862                        "for updating (i_pos %lld)", i_pos);
863                 return -EIO;
864         }
865         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
866         if (i_pos != MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos) {
867                 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
868                 brelse(bh);
869                 goto retry;
870         }
871 
872         raw_entry = &((struct msdos_dir_entry *) (bh->b_data))[offset];
873         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
874                 raw_entry->size = 0;
875         else
876                 raw_entry->size = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_size);
877         raw_entry->attr = fat_make_attrs(inode);
878         fat_set_start(raw_entry, MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart);
879         fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_mtime, &raw_entry->time,
880                           &raw_entry->date, NULL);
881         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
882                 __le16 atime;
883                 fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_ctime, &raw_entry->ctime,
884                                   &raw_entry->cdate, &raw_entry->ctime_cs);
885                 fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_atime, &atime,
886                                   &raw_entry->adate, NULL);
887         }
888         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
889         mark_buffer_dirty(bh);
890         err = 0;
891         if (wait)
892                 err = sync_dirty_buffer(bh);
893         brelse(bh);
894         return err;
895 }
896 
897 static int fat_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
898 {
899         int err;
900 
901         if (inode->i_ino == MSDOS_FSINFO_INO) {
902                 struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
903 
904                 mutex_lock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
905                 err = fat_clusters_flush(sb);
906                 mutex_unlock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
907         } else
908                 err = __fat_write_inode(inode, wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL);
909 
910         return err;
911 }
912 
913 int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode)
914 {
915         return __fat_write_inode(inode, 1);
916 }
917 
918 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_sync_inode);
919 
920 static int fat_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root);
921 static const struct super_operations fat_sops = {
922         .alloc_inode    = fat_alloc_inode,
923         .free_inode     = fat_free_inode,
924         .write_inode    = fat_write_inode,
925         .evict_inode    = fat_evict_inode,
926         .put_super      = fat_put_super,
927         .statfs         = fat_statfs,
928         .remount_fs     = fat_remount,
929 
930         .show_options   = fat_show_options,
931 };
932 
933 static int fat_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root)
934 {
935         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(root->d_sb);
936         struct fat_mount_options *opts = &sbi->options;
937         int isvfat = opts->isvfat;
938 
939         if (!uid_eq(opts->fs_uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID))
940                 seq_printf(m, ",uid=%u",
941                                 from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->fs_uid));
942         if (!gid_eq(opts->fs_gid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID))
943                 seq_printf(m, ",gid=%u",
944                                 from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->fs_gid));
945         seq_printf(m, ",fmask=%04o", opts->fs_fmask);
946         seq_printf(m, ",dmask=%04o", opts->fs_dmask);
947         if (opts->allow_utime)
948                 seq_printf(m, ",allow_utime=%04o", opts->allow_utime);
949         if (sbi->nls_disk)
950                 /* strip "cp" prefix from displayed option */
951                 seq_printf(m, ",codepage=%s", &sbi->nls_disk->charset[2]);
952         if (isvfat) {
953                 if (sbi->nls_io)
954                         seq_printf(m, ",iocharset=%s", sbi->nls_io->charset);
955 
956                 switch (opts->shortname) {
957                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
958                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=win95");
959                         break;
960                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT:
961                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=winnt");
962                         break;
963                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
964                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=mixed");
965                         break;
966                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
967                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=lower");
968                         break;
969                 default:
970                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=unknown");
971                         break;
972                 }
973         }
974         if (opts->name_check != 'n')
975                 seq_printf(m, ",check=%c", opts->name_check);
976         if (opts->usefree)
977                 seq_puts(m, ",usefree");
978         if (opts->quiet)
979                 seq_puts(m, ",quiet");
980         if (opts->showexec)
981                 seq_puts(m, ",showexec");
982         if (opts->sys_immutable)
983                 seq_puts(m, ",sys_immutable");
984         if (!isvfat) {
985                 if (opts->dotsOK)
986                         seq_puts(m, ",dotsOK=yes");
987                 if (opts->nocase)
988                         seq_puts(m, ",nocase");
989         } else {
990                 if (opts->utf8)
991                         seq_puts(m, ",utf8");
992                 if (opts->unicode_xlate)
993                         seq_puts(m, ",uni_xlate");
994                 if (!opts->numtail)
995                         seq_puts(m, ",nonumtail");
996                 if (opts->rodir)
997                         seq_puts(m, ",rodir");
998         }
999         if (opts->flush)
1000                 seq_puts(m, ",flush");
1001         if (opts->tz_set) {
1002                 if (opts->time_offset)
1003                         seq_printf(m, ",time_offset=%d", opts->time_offset);
1004                 else
1005                         seq_puts(m, ",tz=UTC");
1006         }
1007         if (opts->errors == FAT_ERRORS_CONT)
1008                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=continue");
1009         else if (opts->errors == FAT_ERRORS_PANIC)
1010                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=panic");
1011         else
1012                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=remount-ro");
1013         if (opts->nfs == FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO)
1014                 seq_puts(m, ",nfs=nostale_ro");
1015         else if (opts->nfs)
1016                 seq_puts(m, ",nfs=stale_rw");
1017         if (opts->discard)
1018                 seq_puts(m, ",discard");
1019         if (opts->dos1xfloppy)
1020                 seq_puts(m, ",dos1xfloppy");
1021 
1022         return 0;
1023 }
1024 
1025 enum {
1026         Opt_check_n, Opt_check_r, Opt_check_s, Opt_uid, Opt_gid,
1027         Opt_umask, Opt_dmask, Opt_fmask, Opt_allow_utime, Opt_codepage,
1028         Opt_usefree, Opt_nocase, Opt_quiet, Opt_showexec, Opt_debug,
1029         Opt_immutable, Opt_dots, Opt_nodots,
1030         Opt_charset, Opt_shortname_lower, Opt_shortname_win95,
1031         Opt_shortname_winnt, Opt_shortname_mixed, Opt_utf8_no, Opt_utf8_yes,
1032         Opt_uni_xl_no, Opt_uni_xl_yes, Opt_nonumtail_no, Opt_nonumtail_yes,
1033         Opt_obsolete, Opt_flush, Opt_tz_utc, Opt_rodir, Opt_err_cont,
1034         Opt_err_panic, Opt_err_ro, Opt_discard, Opt_nfs, Opt_time_offset,
1035         Opt_nfs_stale_rw, Opt_nfs_nostale_ro, Opt_err, Opt_dos1xfloppy,
1036 };
1037 
1038 static const match_table_t fat_tokens = {
1039         {Opt_check_r, "check=relaxed"},
1040         {Opt_check_s, "check=strict"},
1041         {Opt_check_n, "check=normal"},
1042         {Opt_check_r, "check=r"},
1043         {Opt_check_s, "check=s"},
1044         {Opt_check_n, "check=n"},
1045         {Opt_uid, "uid=%u"},
1046         {Opt_gid, "gid=%u"},
1047         {Opt_umask, "umask=%o"},
1048         {Opt_dmask, "dmask=%o"},
1049         {Opt_fmask, "fmask=%o"},
1050         {Opt_allow_utime, "allow_utime=%o"},
1051         {Opt_codepage, "codepage=%u"},
1052         {Opt_usefree, "usefree"},
1053         {Opt_nocase, "nocase"},
1054         {Opt_quiet, "quiet"},
1055         {Opt_showexec, "showexec"},
1056         {Opt_debug, "debug"},
1057         {Opt_immutable, "sys_immutable"},
1058         {Opt_flush, "flush"},
1059         {Opt_tz_utc, "tz=UTC"},
1060         {Opt_time_offset, "time_offset=%d"},
1061         {Opt_err_cont, "errors=continue"},
1062         {Opt_err_panic, "errors=panic"},
1063         {Opt_err_ro, "errors=remount-ro"},
1064         {Opt_discard, "discard"},
1065         {Opt_nfs_stale_rw, "nfs"},
1066         {Opt_nfs_stale_rw, "nfs=stale_rw"},
1067         {Opt_nfs_nostale_ro, "nfs=nostale_ro"},
1068         {Opt_dos1xfloppy, "dos1xfloppy"},
1069         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=binary"},
1070         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=text"},
1071         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=auto"},
1072         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=b"},
1073         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=t"},
1074         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=a"},
1075         {Opt_obsolete, "fat=%u"},
1076         {Opt_obsolete, "blocksize=%u"},
1077         {Opt_obsolete, "cvf_format=%20s"},
1078         {Opt_obsolete, "cvf_options=%100s"},
1079         {Opt_obsolete, "posix"},
1080         {Opt_err, NULL},
1081 };
1082 static const match_table_t msdos_tokens = {
1083         {Opt_nodots, "nodots"},
1084         {Opt_nodots, "dotsOK=no"},
1085         {Opt_dots, "dots"},
1086         {Opt_dots, "dotsOK=yes"},
1087         {Opt_err, NULL}
1088 };
1089 static const match_table_t vfat_tokens = {
1090         {Opt_charset, "iocharset=%s"},
1091         {Opt_shortname_lower, "shortname=lower"},
1092         {Opt_shortname_win95, "shortname=win95"},
1093         {Opt_shortname_winnt, "shortname=winnt"},
1094         {Opt_shortname_mixed, "shortname=mixed"},
1095         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=0"},                /* 0 or no or false */
1096         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=no"},
1097         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=false"},
1098         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=1"},               /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1099         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=yes"},
1100         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=true"},
1101         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8"},
1102         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=0"},         /* 0 or no or false */
1103         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=no"},
1104         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=false"},
1105         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=1"},        /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1106         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=yes"},
1107         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=true"},
1108         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate"},
1109         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=0"},      /* 0 or no or false */
1110         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=no"},
1111         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=false"},
1112         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=1"},     /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1113         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=yes"},
1114         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=true"},
1115         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail"},
1116         {Opt_rodir, "rodir"},
1117         {Opt_err, NULL}
1118 };
1119 
1120 static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, int is_vfat,
1121                          int silent, int *debug, struct fat_mount_options *opts)
1122 {
1123         char *p;
1124         substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
1125         int option;
1126         char *iocharset;
1127 
1128         opts->isvfat = is_vfat;
1129 
1130         opts->fs_uid = current_uid();
1131         opts->fs_gid = current_gid();
1132         opts->fs_fmask = opts->fs_dmask = current_umask();
1133         opts->allow_utime = -1;
1134         opts->codepage = fat_default_codepage;
1135         fat_reset_iocharset(opts);
1136         if (is_vfat) {
1137                 opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT|VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1138                 opts->rodir = 0;
1139         } else {
1140                 opts->shortname = 0;
1141                 opts->rodir = 1;
1142         }
1143         opts->name_check = 'n';
1144         opts->quiet = opts->showexec = opts->sys_immutable = opts->dotsOK =  0;
1145         opts->unicode_xlate = 0;
1146         opts->numtail = 1;
1147         opts->usefree = opts->nocase = 0;
1148         opts->tz_set = 0;
1149         opts->nfs = 0;
1150         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_RO;
1151         *debug = 0;
1152 
1153         opts->utf8 = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_UTF8) && is_vfat;
1154 
1155         if (!options)
1156                 goto out;
1157 
1158         while ((p = strsep(&options, ",")) != NULL) {
1159                 int token;
1160                 if (!*p)
1161                         continue;
1162 
1163                 token = match_token(p, fat_tokens, args);
1164                 if (token == Opt_err) {
1165                         if (is_vfat)
1166                                 token = match_token(p, vfat_tokens, args);
1167                         else
1168                                 token = match_token(p, msdos_tokens, args);
1169                 }
1170                 switch (token) {
1171                 case Opt_check_s:
1172                         opts->name_check = 's';
1173                         break;
1174                 case Opt_check_r:
1175                         opts->name_check = 'r';
1176                         break;
1177                 case Opt_check_n:
1178                         opts->name_check = 'n';
1179                         break;
1180                 case Opt_usefree:
1181                         opts->usefree = 1;
1182                         break;
1183                 case Opt_nocase:
1184                         if (!is_vfat)
1185                                 opts->nocase = 1;
1186                         else {
1187                                 /* for backward compatibility */
1188                                 opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95
1189                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1190                         }
1191                         break;
1192                 case Opt_quiet:
1193                         opts->quiet = 1;
1194                         break;
1195                 case Opt_showexec:
1196                         opts->showexec = 1;
1197                         break;
1198                 case Opt_debug:
1199                         *debug = 1;
1200                         break;
1201                 case Opt_immutable:
1202                         opts->sys_immutable = 1;
1203                         break;
1204                 case Opt_uid:
1205                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1206                                 return -EINVAL;
1207                         opts->fs_uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), option);
1208                         if (!uid_valid(opts->fs_uid))
1209                                 return -EINVAL;
1210                         break;
1211                 case Opt_gid:
1212                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1213                                 return -EINVAL;
1214                         opts->fs_gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), option);
1215                         if (!gid_valid(opts->fs_gid))
1216                                 return -EINVAL;
1217                         break;
1218                 case Opt_umask:
1219                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
1220                                 return -EINVAL;
1221                         opts->fs_fmask = opts->fs_dmask = option;
1222                         break;
1223                 case Opt_dmask:
1224                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
1225                                 return -EINVAL;
1226                         opts->fs_dmask = option;
1227                         break;
1228                 case Opt_fmask:
1229                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
1230                                 return -EINVAL;
1231                         opts->fs_fmask = option;
1232                         break;
1233                 case Opt_allow_utime:
1234                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
1235                                 return -EINVAL;
1236                         opts->allow_utime = option & (S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH);
1237                         break;
1238                 case Opt_codepage:
1239                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1240                                 return -EINVAL;
1241                         opts->codepage = option;
1242                         break;
1243                 case Opt_flush:
1244                         opts->flush = 1;
1245                         break;
1246                 case Opt_time_offset:
1247                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1248                                 return -EINVAL;
1249                         /*
1250                          * GMT+-12 zones may have DST corrections so at least
1251                          * 13 hours difference is needed. Make the limit 24
1252                          * just in case someone invents something unusual.
1253                          */
1254                         if (option < -24 * 60 || option > 24 * 60)
1255                                 return -EINVAL;
1256                         opts->tz_set = 1;
1257                         opts->time_offset = option;
1258                         break;
1259                 case Opt_tz_utc:
1260                         opts->tz_set = 1;
1261                         opts->time_offset = 0;
1262                         break;
1263                 case Opt_err_cont:
1264                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_CONT;
1265                         break;
1266                 case Opt_err_panic:
1267                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_PANIC;
1268                         break;
1269                 case Opt_err_ro:
1270                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_RO;
1271                         break;
1272                 case Opt_nfs_stale_rw:
1273                         opts->nfs = FAT_NFS_STALE_RW;
1274                         break;
1275                 case Opt_nfs_nostale_ro:
1276                         opts->nfs = FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO;
1277                         break;
1278                 case Opt_dos1xfloppy:
1279                         opts->dos1xfloppy = 1;
1280                         break;
1281 
1282                 /* msdos specific */
1283                 case Opt_dots:
1284                         opts->dotsOK = 1;
1285                         break;
1286                 case Opt_nodots:
1287                         opts->dotsOK = 0;
1288                         break;
1289 
1290                 /* vfat specific */
1291                 case Opt_charset:
1292                         fat_reset_iocharset(opts);
1293                         iocharset = match_strdup(&args[0]);
1294                         if (!iocharset)
1295                                 return -ENOMEM;
1296                         opts->iocharset = iocharset;
1297                         break;
1298                 case Opt_shortname_lower:
1299                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER
1300                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1301                         break;
1302                 case Opt_shortname_win95:
1303                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95
1304                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1305                         break;
1306                 case Opt_shortname_winnt:
1307                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT
1308                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT;
1309                         break;
1310                 case Opt_shortname_mixed:
1311                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT
1312                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1313                         break;
1314                 case Opt_utf8_no:               /* 0 or no or false */
1315                         opts->utf8 = 0;
1316                         break;
1317                 case Opt_utf8_yes:              /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1318                         opts->utf8 = 1;
1319                         break;
1320                 case Opt_uni_xl_no:             /* 0 or no or false */
1321                         opts->unicode_xlate = 0;
1322                         break;
1323                 case Opt_uni_xl_yes:            /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1324                         opts->unicode_xlate = 1;
1325                         break;
1326                 case Opt_nonumtail_no:          /* 0 or no or false */
1327                         opts->numtail = 1;      /* negated option */
1328                         break;
1329                 case Opt_nonumtail_yes:         /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1330                         opts->numtail = 0;      /* negated option */
1331                         break;
1332                 case Opt_rodir:
1333                         opts->rodir = 1;
1334                         break;
1335                 case Opt_discard:
1336                         opts->discard = 1;
1337                         break;
1338 
1339                 /* obsolete mount options */
1340                 case Opt_obsolete:
1341                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "\"%s\" option is obsolete, "
1342                                "not supported now", p);
1343                         break;
1344                 /* unknown option */
1345                 default:
1346                         if (!silent) {
1347                                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1348                                        "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" "
1349                                        "or missing value", p);
1350                         }
1351                         return -EINVAL;
1352                 }
1353         }
1354 
1355 out:
1356         /* UTF-8 doesn't provide FAT semantics */
1357         if (!strcmp(opts->iocharset, "utf8")) {
1358                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "utf8 is not a recommended IO charset"
1359                        " for FAT filesystems, filesystem will be "
1360                        "case sensitive!");
1361         }
1362 
1363         /* If user doesn't specify allow_utime, it's initialized from dmask. */
1364         if (opts->allow_utime == (unsigned short)-1)
1365                 opts->allow_utime = ~opts->fs_dmask & (S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH);
1366         if (opts->unicode_xlate)
1367                 opts->utf8 = 0;
1368         if (opts->nfs == FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO) {
1369                 sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY;
1370                 sb->s_export_op = &fat_export_ops_nostale;
1371         }
1372 
1373         return 0;
1374 }
1375 
1376 static void fat_dummy_inode_init(struct inode *inode)
1377 {
1378         /* Initialize this dummy inode to work as no-op. */
1379         MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = 0;
1380         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = 0;
1381         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = 0;
1382         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = 0;
1383         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
1384 }
1385 
1386 static int fat_read_root(struct inode *inode)
1387 {
1388         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
1389         int error;
1390 
1391         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = MSDOS_ROOT_INO;
1392         inode->i_uid = sbi->options.fs_uid;
1393         inode->i_gid = sbi->options.fs_gid;
1394         inode_inc_iversion(inode);
1395         inode->i_generation = 0;
1396         inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, ATTR_DIR, S_IRWXUGO);
1397         inode->i_op = sbi->dir_ops;
1398         inode->i_fop = &fat_dir_operations;
1399         if (is_fat32(sbi)) {
1400                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = sbi->root_cluster;
1401                 error = fat_calc_dir_size(inode);
1402                 if (error < 0)
1403                         return error;
1404         } else {
1405                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = 0;
1406                 inode->i_size = sbi->dir_entries * sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
1407         }
1408         inode->i_blocks = ((inode->i_size + (sbi->cluster_size - 1))
1409                            & ~((loff_t)sbi->cluster_size - 1)) >> 9;
1410         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = 0;
1411         MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
1412 
1413         fat_save_attrs(inode, ATTR_DIR);
1414         inode->i_mtime.tv_sec = inode->i_atime.tv_sec = inode->i_ctime.tv_sec = 0;
1415         inode->i_mtime.tv_nsec = inode->i_atime.tv_nsec = inode->i_ctime.tv_nsec = 0;
1416         set_nlink(inode, fat_subdirs(inode)+2);
1417 
1418         return 0;
1419 }
1420 
1421 static unsigned long calc_fat_clusters(struct super_block *sb)
1422 {
1423         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
1424 
1425         /* Divide first to avoid overflow */
1426         if (!is_fat12(sbi)) {
1427                 unsigned long ent_per_sec = sb->s_blocksize * 8 / sbi->fat_bits;
1428                 return ent_per_sec * sbi->fat_length;
1429         }
1430 
1431         return sbi->fat_length * sb->s_blocksize * 8 / sbi->fat_bits;
1432 }
1433 
1434 static bool fat_bpb_is_zero(struct fat_boot_sector *b)
1435 {
1436         if (get_unaligned_le16(&b->sector_size))
1437                 return false;
1438         if (b->sec_per_clus)
1439                 return false;
1440         if (b->reserved)
1441                 return false;
1442         if (b->fats)
1443                 return false;
1444         if (get_unaligned_le16(&b->dir_entries))
1445                 return false;
1446         if (get_unaligned_le16(&b->sectors))
1447                 return false;
1448         if (b->media)
1449                 return false;
1450         if (b->fat_length)
1451                 return false;
1452         if (b->secs_track)
1453                 return false;
1454         if (b->heads)
1455                 return false;
1456         return true;
1457 }
1458 
1459 static int fat_read_bpb(struct super_block *sb, struct fat_boot_sector *b,
1460         int silent, struct fat_bios_param_block *bpb)
1461 {
1462         int error = -EINVAL;
1463 
1464         /* Read in BPB ... */
1465         memset(bpb, 0, sizeof(*bpb));
1466         bpb->fat_sector_size = get_unaligned_le16(&b->sector_size);
1467         bpb->fat_sec_per_clus = b->sec_per_clus;
1468         bpb->fat_reserved = le16_to_cpu(b->reserved);
1469         bpb->fat_fats = b->fats;
1470         bpb->fat_dir_entries = get_unaligned_le16(&b->dir_entries);
1471         bpb->fat_sectors = get_unaligned_le16(&b->sectors);
1472         bpb->fat_fat_length = le16_to_cpu(b->fat_length);
1473         bpb->fat_total_sect = le32_to_cpu(b->total_sect);
1474 
1475         bpb->fat16_state = b->fat16.state;
1476         bpb->fat16_vol_id = get_unaligned_le32(b->fat16.vol_id);
1477 
1478         bpb->fat32_length = le32_to_cpu(b->fat32.length);
1479         bpb->fat32_root_cluster = le32_to_cpu(b->fat32.root_cluster);
1480         bpb->fat32_info_sector = le16_to_cpu(b->fat32.info_sector);
1481         bpb->fat32_state = b->fat32.state;
1482         bpb->fat32_vol_id = get_unaligned_le32(b->fat32.vol_id);
1483 
1484         /* Validate this looks like a FAT filesystem BPB */
1485         if (!bpb->fat_reserved) {
1486                 if (!silent)
1487                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1488                                 "bogus number of reserved sectors");
1489                 goto out;
1490         }
1491         if (!bpb->fat_fats) {
1492                 if (!silent)
1493                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus number of FAT structure");
1494                 goto out;
1495         }
1496 
1497         /*
1498          * Earlier we checked here that b->secs_track and b->head are nonzero,
1499          * but it turns out valid FAT filesystems can have zero there.
1500          */
1501 
1502         if (!fat_valid_media(b->media)) {
1503                 if (!silent)
1504                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid media value (0x%02x)",
1505                                 (unsigned)b->media);
1506                 goto out;
1507         }
1508 
1509         if (!is_power_of_2(bpb->fat_sector_size)
1510             || (bpb->fat_sector_size < 512)
1511             || (bpb->fat_sector_size > 4096)) {
1512                 if (!silent)
1513                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus logical sector size %u",
1514                                (unsigned)bpb->fat_sector_size);
1515                 goto out;
1516         }
1517 
1518         if (!is_power_of_2(bpb->fat_sec_per_clus)) {
1519                 if (!silent)
1520                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus sectors per cluster %u",
1521                                 (unsigned)bpb->fat_sec_per_clus);
1522                 goto out;
1523         }
1524 
1525         error = 0;
1526 
1527 out:
1528         return error;
1529 }
1530 
1531 static int fat_read_static_bpb(struct super_block *sb,
1532         struct fat_boot_sector *b, int silent,
1533         struct fat_bios_param_block *bpb)
1534 {
1535         static const char *notdos1x = "This doesn't look like a DOS 1.x volume";
1536 
1537         struct fat_floppy_defaults *fdefaults = NULL;
1538         int error = -EINVAL;
1539         sector_t bd_sects;
1540         unsigned i;
1541 
1542         bd_sects = i_size_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_inode) / SECTOR_SIZE;
1543 
1544         /* 16-bit DOS 1.x reliably wrote bootstrap short-jmp code */
1545         if (b->ignored[0] != 0xeb || b->ignored[2] != 0x90) {
1546                 if (!silent)
1547                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1548                                 "%s; no bootstrapping code", notdos1x);
1549                 goto out;
1550         }
1551 
1552         /*
1553          * If any value in this region is non-zero, it isn't archaic
1554          * DOS.
1555          */
1556         if (!fat_bpb_is_zero(b)) {
1557                 if (!silent)
1558                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1559                                 "%s; DOS 2.x BPB is non-zero", notdos1x);
1560                 goto out;
1561         }
1562 
1563         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(floppy_defaults); i++) {
1564                 if (floppy_defaults[i].nr_sectors == bd_sects) {
1565                         fdefaults = &floppy_defaults[i];
1566                         break;
1567                 }
1568         }
1569 
1570         if (fdefaults == NULL) {
1571                 if (!silent)
1572                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1573                                 "This looks like a DOS 1.x volume, but isn't a recognized floppy size (%llu sectors)",
1574                                 (u64)bd_sects);
1575                 goto out;
1576         }
1577 
1578         if (!silent)
1579                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_INFO,
1580                         "This looks like a DOS 1.x volume; assuming default BPB values");
1581 
1582         memset(bpb, 0, sizeof(*bpb));
1583         bpb->fat_sector_size = SECTOR_SIZE;
1584         bpb->fat_sec_per_clus = fdefaults->sec_per_clus;
1585         bpb->fat_reserved = 1;
1586         bpb->fat_fats = 2;
1587         bpb->fat_dir_entries = fdefaults->dir_entries;
1588         bpb->fat_sectors = fdefaults->nr_sectors;
1589         bpb->fat_fat_length = fdefaults->fat_length;
1590 
1591         error = 0;
1592 
1593 out:
1594         return error;
1595 }
1596 
1597 /*
1598  * Read the super block of an MS-DOS FS.
1599  */
1600 int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat,
1601                    void (*setup)(struct super_block *))
1602 {
1603         struct inode *root_inode = NULL, *fat_inode = NULL;
1604         struct inode *fsinfo_inode = NULL;
1605         struct buffer_head *bh;
1606         struct fat_bios_param_block bpb;
1607         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi;
1608         u16 logical_sector_size;
1609         u32 total_sectors, total_clusters, fat_clusters, rootdir_sectors;
1610         int debug;
1611         long error;
1612         char buf[50];
1613         struct timespec64 ts;
1614 
1615         /*
1616          * GFP_KERNEL is ok here, because while we do hold the
1617          * superblock lock, memory pressure can't call back into
1618          * the filesystem, since we're only just about to mount
1619          * it and have no inodes etc active!
1620          */
1621         sbi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct msdos_sb_info), GFP_KERNEL);
1622         if (!sbi)
1623                 return -ENOMEM;
1624         sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
1625 
1626         sb->s_flags |= SB_NODIRATIME;
1627         sb->s_magic = MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC;
1628         sb->s_op = &fat_sops;
1629         sb->s_export_op = &fat_export_ops;
1630         /*
1631          * fat timestamps are complex and truncated by fat itself, so
1632          * we set 1 here to be fast
1633          */
1634         sb->s_time_gran = 1;
1635         mutex_init(&sbi->nfs_build_inode_lock);
1636         ratelimit_state_init(&sbi->ratelimit, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
1637                              DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
1638 
1639         error = parse_options(sb, data, isvfat, silent, &debug, &sbi->options);
1640         if (error)
1641                 goto out_fail;
1642 
1643         setup(sb); /* flavour-specific stuff that needs options */
1644 
1645         error = -EIO;
1646         sb_min_blocksize(sb, 512);
1647         bh = sb_bread(sb, 0);
1648         if (bh == NULL) {
1649                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read boot sector");
1650                 goto out_fail;
1651         }
1652 
1653         error = fat_read_bpb(sb, (struct fat_boot_sector *)bh->b_data, silent,
1654                 &bpb);
1655         if (error == -EINVAL && sbi->options.dos1xfloppy)
1656                 error = fat_read_static_bpb(sb,
1657                         (struct fat_boot_sector *)bh->b_data, silent, &bpb);
1658         brelse(bh);
1659 
1660         if (error == -EINVAL)
1661                 goto out_invalid;
1662         else if (error)
1663                 goto out_fail;
1664 
1665         logical_sector_size = bpb.fat_sector_size;
1666         sbi->sec_per_clus = bpb.fat_sec_per_clus;
1667 
1668         error = -EIO;
1669         if (logical_sector_size < sb->s_blocksize) {
1670                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "logical sector size too small for device"
1671                        " (logical sector size = %u)", logical_sector_size);
1672                 goto out_fail;
1673         }
1674 
1675         if (logical_sector_size > sb->s_blocksize) {
1676                 struct buffer_head *bh_resize;
1677 
1678                 if (!sb_set_blocksize(sb, logical_sector_size)) {
1679                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to set blocksize %u",
1680                                logical_sector_size);
1681                         goto out_fail;
1682                 }
1683 
1684                 /* Verify that the larger boot sector is fully readable */
1685                 bh_resize = sb_bread(sb, 0);
1686                 if (bh_resize == NULL) {
1687                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read boot sector"
1688                                " (logical sector size = %lu)",
1689                                sb->s_blocksize);
1690                         goto out_fail;
1691                 }
1692                 brelse(bh_resize);
1693         }
1694 
1695         mutex_init(&sbi->s_lock);
1696         sbi->cluster_size = sb->s_blocksize * sbi->sec_per_clus;
1697         sbi->cluster_bits = ffs(sbi->cluster_size) - 1;
1698         sbi->fats = bpb.fat_fats;
1699         sbi->fat_bits = 0;              /* Don't know yet */
1700         sbi->fat_start = bpb.fat_reserved;
1701         sbi->fat_length = bpb.fat_fat_length;
1702         sbi->root_cluster = 0;
1703         sbi->free_clusters = -1;        /* Don't know yet */
1704         sbi->free_clus_valid = 0;
1705         sbi->prev_free = FAT_START_ENT;
1706         sb->s_maxbytes = 0xffffffff;
1707         fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &ts, 0, cpu_to_le16(FAT_DATE_MIN), 0);
1708         sb->s_time_min = ts.tv_sec;
1709 
1710         fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &ts, cpu_to_le16(FAT_TIME_MAX),
1711                           cpu_to_le16(FAT_DATE_MAX), 0);
1712         sb->s_time_max = ts.tv_sec;
1713 
1714         if (!sbi->fat_length && bpb.fat32_length) {
1715                 struct fat_boot_fsinfo *fsinfo;
1716                 struct buffer_head *fsinfo_bh;
1717 
1718                 /* Must be FAT32 */
1719                 sbi->fat_bits = 32;
1720                 sbi->fat_length = bpb.fat32_length;
1721                 sbi->root_cluster = bpb.fat32_root_cluster;
1722 
1723                 /* MC - if info_sector is 0, don't multiply by 0 */
1724                 sbi->fsinfo_sector = bpb.fat32_info_sector;
1725                 if (sbi->fsinfo_sector == 0)
1726                         sbi->fsinfo_sector = 1;
1727 
1728                 fsinfo_bh = sb_bread(sb, sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1729                 if (fsinfo_bh == NULL) {
1730                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bread failed, FSINFO block"
1731                                " (sector = %lu)", sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1732                         goto out_fail;
1733                 }
1734 
1735                 fsinfo = (struct fat_boot_fsinfo *)fsinfo_bh->b_data;
1736                 if (!IS_FSINFO(fsinfo)) {
1737                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Invalid FSINFO signature: "
1738                                "0x%08x, 0x%08x (sector = %lu)",
1739                                le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->signature1),
1740                                le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->signature2),
1741                                sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1742                 } else {
1743                         if (sbi->options.usefree)
1744                                 sbi->free_clus_valid = 1;
1745                         sbi->free_clusters = le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->free_clusters);
1746                         sbi->prev_free = le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->next_cluster);
1747                 }
1748 
1749                 brelse(fsinfo_bh);
1750         }
1751 
1752         /* interpret volume ID as a little endian 32 bit integer */
1753         if (is_fat32(sbi))
1754                 sbi->vol_id = bpb.fat32_vol_id;
1755         else /* fat 16 or 12 */
1756                 sbi->vol_id = bpb.fat16_vol_id;
1757 
1758         sbi->dir_per_block = sb->s_blocksize / sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
1759         sbi->dir_per_block_bits = ffs(sbi->dir_per_block) - 1;
1760 
1761         sbi->dir_start = sbi->fat_start + sbi->fats * sbi->fat_length;
1762         sbi->dir_entries = bpb.fat_dir_entries;
1763         if (sbi->dir_entries & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1)) {
1764                 if (!silent)
1765                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus number of directory entries"
1766                                " (%u)", sbi->dir_entries);
1767                 goto out_invalid;
1768         }
1769 
1770         rootdir_sectors = sbi->dir_entries
1771                 * sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry) / sb->s_blocksize;
1772         sbi->data_start = sbi->dir_start + rootdir_sectors;
1773         total_sectors = bpb.fat_sectors;
1774         if (total_sectors == 0)
1775                 total_sectors = bpb.fat_total_sect;
1776 
1777         total_clusters = (total_sectors - sbi->data_start) / sbi->sec_per_clus;
1778 
1779         if (!is_fat32(sbi))
1780                 sbi->fat_bits = (total_clusters > MAX_FAT12) ? 16 : 12;
1781 
1782         /* some OSes set FAT_STATE_DIRTY and clean it on unmount. */
1783         if (is_fat32(sbi))
1784                 sbi->dirty = bpb.fat32_state & FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
1785         else /* fat 16 or 12 */
1786                 sbi->dirty = bpb.fat16_state & FAT_STATE_DIRTY;
1787 
1788         /* check that FAT table does not overflow */
1789         fat_clusters = calc_fat_clusters(sb);
1790         total_clusters = min(total_clusters, fat_clusters - FAT_START_ENT);
1791         if (total_clusters > max_fat(sb)) {
1792                 if (!silent)
1793                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "count of clusters too big (%u)",
1794                                total_clusters);
1795                 goto out_invalid;
1796         }
1797 
1798         sbi->max_cluster = total_clusters + FAT_START_ENT;
1799         /* check the free_clusters, it's not necessarily correct */
1800         if (sbi->free_clusters != -1 && sbi->free_clusters > total_clusters)
1801                 sbi->free_clusters = -1;
1802         /* check the prev_free, it's not necessarily correct */
1803         sbi->prev_free %= sbi->max_cluster;
1804         if (sbi->prev_free < FAT_START_ENT)
1805                 sbi->prev_free = FAT_START_ENT;
1806 
1807         /* set up enough so that it can read an inode */
1808         fat_hash_init(sb);
1809         dir_hash_init(sb);
1810         fat_ent_access_init(sb);
1811 
1812         /*
1813          * The low byte of the first FAT entry must have the same value as
1814          * the media field of the boot sector. But in real world, too many
1815          * devices are writing wrong values. So, removed that validity check.
1816          *
1817          * The removed check compared the first FAT entry to a value dependent
1818          * on the media field like this:
1819          * == (0x0F00 | media), for FAT12
1820          * == (0XFF00 | media), for FAT16
1821          * == (0x0FFFFF | media), for FAT32
1822          */
1823 
1824         error = -EINVAL;
1825         sprintf(buf, "cp%d", sbi->options.codepage);
1826         sbi->nls_disk = load_nls(buf);
1827         if (!sbi->nls_disk) {
1828                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "codepage %s not found", buf);
1829                 goto out_fail;
1830         }
1831 
1832         /* FIXME: utf8 is using iocharset for upper/lower conversion */
1833         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
1834                 sbi->nls_io = load_nls(sbi->options.iocharset);
1835                 if (!sbi->nls_io) {
1836                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "IO charset %s not found",
1837                                sbi->options.iocharset);
1838                         goto out_fail;
1839                 }
1840         }
1841 
1842         error = -ENOMEM;
1843         fat_inode = new_inode(sb);
1844         if (!fat_inode)
1845                 goto out_fail;
1846         fat_dummy_inode_init(fat_inode);
1847         sbi->fat_inode = fat_inode;
1848 
1849         fsinfo_inode = new_inode(sb);
1850         if (!fsinfo_inode)
1851                 goto out_fail;
1852         fat_dummy_inode_init(fsinfo_inode);
1853         fsinfo_inode->i_ino = MSDOS_FSINFO_INO;
1854         sbi->fsinfo_inode = fsinfo_inode;
1855         insert_inode_hash(fsinfo_inode);
1856 
1857         root_inode = new_inode(sb);
1858         if (!root_inode)
1859                 goto out_fail;
1860         root_inode->i_ino = MSDOS_ROOT_INO;
1861         inode_set_iversion(root_inode, 1);
1862         error = fat_read_root(root_inode);
1863         if (error < 0) {
1864                 iput(root_inode);
1865                 goto out_fail;
1866         }
1867         error = -ENOMEM;
1868         insert_inode_hash(root_inode);
1869         fat_attach(root_inode, 0);
1870         sb->s_root = d_make_root(root_inode);
1871         if (!sb->s_root) {
1872                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root inode failed");
1873                 goto out_fail;
1874         }
1875 
1876         if (sbi->options.discard) {
1877                 struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(sb->s_bdev);
1878                 if (!blk_queue_discard(q))
1879                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1880                                         "mounting with \"discard\" option, but "
1881                                         "the device does not support discard");
1882         }
1883 
1884         fat_set_state(sb, 1, 0);
1885         return 0;
1886 
1887 out_invalid:
1888         error = -EINVAL;
1889         if (!silent)
1890                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Can't find a valid FAT filesystem");
1891 
1892 out_fail:
1893         if (fsinfo_inode)
1894                 iput(fsinfo_inode);
1895         if (fat_inode)
1896                 iput(fat_inode);
1897         unload_nls(sbi->nls_io);
1898         unload_nls(sbi->nls_disk);
1899         fat_reset_iocharset(&sbi->options);
1900         sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
1901         kfree(sbi);
1902         return error;
1903 }
1904 
1905 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_fill_super);
1906 
1907 /*
1908  * helper function for fat_flush_inodes.  This writes both the inode
1909  * and the file data blocks, waiting for in flight data blocks before
1910  * the start of the call.  It does not wait for any io started
1911  * during the call
1912  */
1913 static int writeback_inode(struct inode *inode)
1914 {
1915 
1916         int ret;
1917 
1918         /* if we used wait=1, sync_inode_metadata waits for the io for the
1919         * inode to finish.  So wait=0 is sent down to sync_inode_metadata
1920         * and filemap_fdatawrite is used for the data blocks
1921         */
1922         ret = sync_inode_metadata(inode, 0);
1923         if (!ret)
1924                 ret = filemap_fdatawrite(inode->i_mapping);
1925         return ret;
1926 }
1927 
1928 /*
1929  * write data and metadata corresponding to i1 and i2.  The io is
1930  * started but we do not wait for any of it to finish.
1931  *
1932  * filemap_flush is used for the block device, so if there is a dirty
1933  * page for a block already in flight, we will not wait and start the
1934  * io over again
1935  */
1936 int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2)
1937 {
1938         int ret = 0;
1939         if (!MSDOS_SB(sb)->options.flush)
1940                 return 0;
1941         if (i1)
1942                 ret = writeback_inode(i1);
1943         if (!ret && i2)
1944                 ret = writeback_inode(i2);
1945         if (!ret) {
1946                 struct address_space *mapping = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
1947                 ret = filemap_flush(mapping);
1948         }
1949         return ret;
1950 }
1951 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_flush_inodes);
1952 
1953 static int __init init_fat_fs(void)
1954 {
1955         int err;
1956 
1957         err = fat_cache_init();
1958         if (err)
1959                 return err;
1960 
1961         err = fat_init_inodecache();
1962         if (err)
1963                 goto failed;
1964 
1965         return 0;
1966 
1967 failed:
1968         fat_cache_destroy();
1969         return err;
1970 }
1971 
1972 static void __exit exit_fat_fs(void)
1973 {
1974         fat_cache_destroy();
1975         fat_destroy_inodecache();
1976 }
1977 
1978 module_init(init_fat_fs)
1979 module_exit(exit_fat_fs)
1980 
1981 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
1982 

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