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TOMOYO Linux Cross Reference
Linux/fs/proc/kcore.c

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  1 /*
  2  *      fs/proc/kcore.c kernel ELF core dumper
  3  *
  4  *      Modelled on fs/exec.c:aout_core_dump()
  5  *      Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@sw.oz.au>
  6  *      ELF version written by David Howells <David.Howells@nexor.co.uk>
  7  *      Modified and incorporated into 2.3.x by Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
  8  *      Support to dump vmalloc'd areas (ELF only), Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
  9  *      Safe accesses to vmalloc/direct-mapped discontiguous areas, Kanoj Sarcar <kanoj@sgi.com>
 10  */
 11 
 12 #include <linux/mm.h>
 13 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
 14 #include <linux/kcore.h>
 15 #include <linux/user.h>
 16 #include <linux/capability.h>
 17 #include <linux/elf.h>
 18 #include <linux/elfcore.h>
 19 #include <linux/notifier.h>
 20 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 21 #include <linux/highmem.h>
 22 #include <linux/printk.h>
 23 #include <linux/bootmem.h>
 24 #include <linux/init.h>
 25 #include <linux/slab.h>
 26 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 27 #include <asm/io.h>
 28 #include <linux/list.h>
 29 #include <linux/ioport.h>
 30 #include <linux/memory.h>
 31 #include <asm/sections.h>
 32 #include "internal.h"
 33 
 34 #define CORE_STR "CORE"
 35 
 36 #ifndef ELF_CORE_EFLAGS
 37 #define ELF_CORE_EFLAGS 0
 38 #endif
 39 
 40 static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_kcore;
 41 
 42 
 43 #ifndef kc_vaddr_to_offset
 44 #define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) - PAGE_OFFSET)
 45 #endif
 46 #ifndef kc_offset_to_vaddr
 47 #define kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) + PAGE_OFFSET)
 48 #endif
 49 
 50 /* An ELF note in memory */
 51 struct memelfnote
 52 {
 53         const char *name;
 54         int type;
 55         unsigned int datasz;
 56         void *data;
 57 };
 58 
 59 static LIST_HEAD(kclist_head);
 60 static DEFINE_RWLOCK(kclist_lock);
 61 static int kcore_need_update = 1;
 62 
 63 void
 64 kclist_add(struct kcore_list *new, void *addr, size_t size, int type)
 65 {
 66         new->addr = (unsigned long)addr;
 67         new->size = size;
 68         new->type = type;
 69 
 70         write_lock(&kclist_lock);
 71         list_add_tail(&new->list, &kclist_head);
 72         write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
 73 }
 74 
 75 static size_t get_kcore_size(int *nphdr, size_t *elf_buflen)
 76 {
 77         size_t try, size;
 78         struct kcore_list *m;
 79 
 80         *nphdr = 1; /* PT_NOTE */
 81         size = 0;
 82 
 83         list_for_each_entry(m, &kclist_head, list) {
 84                 try = kc_vaddr_to_offset((size_t)m->addr + m->size);
 85                 if (try > size)
 86                         size = try;
 87                 *nphdr = *nphdr + 1;
 88         }
 89         *elf_buflen =   sizeof(struct elfhdr) + 
 90                         (*nphdr + 2)*sizeof(struct elf_phdr) + 
 91                         3 * ((sizeof(struct elf_note)) +
 92                              roundup(sizeof(CORE_STR), 4)) +
 93                         roundup(sizeof(struct elf_prstatus), 4) +
 94                         roundup(sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo), 4) +
 95                         roundup(sizeof(struct task_struct), 4);
 96         *elf_buflen = PAGE_ALIGN(*elf_buflen);
 97         return size + *elf_buflen;
 98 }
 99 
100 static void free_kclist_ents(struct list_head *head)
101 {
102         struct kcore_list *tmp, *pos;
103 
104         list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, tmp, head, list) {
105                 list_del(&pos->list);
106                 kfree(pos);
107         }
108 }
109 /*
110  * Replace all KCORE_RAM/KCORE_VMEMMAP information with passed list.
111  */
112 static void __kcore_update_ram(struct list_head *list)
113 {
114         int nphdr;
115         size_t size;
116         struct kcore_list *tmp, *pos;
117         LIST_HEAD(garbage);
118 
119         write_lock(&kclist_lock);
120         if (kcore_need_update) {
121                 list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, tmp, &kclist_head, list) {
122                         if (pos->type == KCORE_RAM
123                                 || pos->type == KCORE_VMEMMAP)
124                                 list_move(&pos->list, &garbage);
125                 }
126                 list_splice_tail(list, &kclist_head);
127         } else
128                 list_splice(list, &garbage);
129         kcore_need_update = 0;
130         proc_root_kcore->size = get_kcore_size(&nphdr, &size);
131         write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
132 
133         free_kclist_ents(&garbage);
134 }
135 
136 
137 #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
138 /*
139  * If no highmem, we can assume [0...max_low_pfn) continuous range of memory
140  * because memory hole is not as big as !HIGHMEM case.
141  * (HIGHMEM is special because part of memory is _invisible_ from the kernel.)
142  */
143 static int kcore_update_ram(void)
144 {
145         LIST_HEAD(head);
146         struct kcore_list *ent;
147         int ret = 0;
148 
149         ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
150         if (!ent)
151                 return -ENOMEM;
152         ent->addr = (unsigned long)__va(0);
153         ent->size = max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
154         ent->type = KCORE_RAM;
155         list_add(&ent->list, &head);
156         __kcore_update_ram(&head);
157         return ret;
158 }
159 
160 #else /* !CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
161 
162 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
163 /* calculate vmemmap's address from given system ram pfn and register it */
164 static int
165 get_sparsemem_vmemmap_info(struct kcore_list *ent, struct list_head *head)
166 {
167         unsigned long pfn = __pa(ent->addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
168         unsigned long nr_pages = ent->size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
169         unsigned long start, end;
170         struct kcore_list *vmm, *tmp;
171 
172 
173         start = ((unsigned long)pfn_to_page(pfn)) & PAGE_MASK;
174         end = ((unsigned long)pfn_to_page(pfn + nr_pages)) - 1;
175         end = ALIGN(end, PAGE_SIZE);
176         /* overlap check (because we have to align page */
177         list_for_each_entry(tmp, head, list) {
178                 if (tmp->type != KCORE_VMEMMAP)
179                         continue;
180                 if (start < tmp->addr + tmp->size)
181                         if (end > tmp->addr)
182                                 end = tmp->addr;
183         }
184         if (start < end) {
185                 vmm = kmalloc(sizeof(*vmm), GFP_KERNEL);
186                 if (!vmm)
187                         return 0;
188                 vmm->addr = start;
189                 vmm->size = end - start;
190                 vmm->type = KCORE_VMEMMAP;
191                 list_add_tail(&vmm->list, head);
192         }
193         return 1;
194 
195 }
196 #else
197 static int
198 get_sparsemem_vmemmap_info(struct kcore_list *ent, struct list_head *head)
199 {
200         return 1;
201 }
202 
203 #endif
204 
205 static int
206 kclist_add_private(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg)
207 {
208         struct list_head *head = (struct list_head *)arg;
209         struct kcore_list *ent;
210 
211         ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
212         if (!ent)
213                 return -ENOMEM;
214         ent->addr = (unsigned long)__va((pfn << PAGE_SHIFT));
215         ent->size = nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
216 
217         /* Sanity check: Can happen in 32bit arch...maybe */
218         if (ent->addr < (unsigned long) __va(0))
219                 goto free_out;
220 
221         /* cut not-mapped area. ....from ppc-32 code. */
222         if (ULONG_MAX - ent->addr < ent->size)
223                 ent->size = ULONG_MAX - ent->addr;
224 
225         /* cut when vmalloc() area is higher than direct-map area */
226         if (VMALLOC_START > (unsigned long)__va(0)) {
227                 if (ent->addr > VMALLOC_START)
228                         goto free_out;
229                 if (VMALLOC_START - ent->addr < ent->size)
230                         ent->size = VMALLOC_START - ent->addr;
231         }
232 
233         ent->type = KCORE_RAM;
234         list_add_tail(&ent->list, head);
235 
236         if (!get_sparsemem_vmemmap_info(ent, head)) {
237                 list_del(&ent->list);
238                 goto free_out;
239         }
240 
241         return 0;
242 free_out:
243         kfree(ent);
244         return 1;
245 }
246 
247 static int kcore_update_ram(void)
248 {
249         int nid, ret;
250         unsigned long end_pfn;
251         LIST_HEAD(head);
252 
253         /* Not inialized....update now */
254         /* find out "max pfn" */
255         end_pfn = 0;
256         for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) {
257                 unsigned long node_end;
258                 node_end  = NODE_DATA(nid)->node_start_pfn +
259                         NODE_DATA(nid)->node_spanned_pages;
260                 if (end_pfn < node_end)
261                         end_pfn = node_end;
262         }
263         /* scan 0 to max_pfn */
264         ret = walk_system_ram_range(0, end_pfn, &head, kclist_add_private);
265         if (ret) {
266                 free_kclist_ents(&head);
267                 return -ENOMEM;
268         }
269         __kcore_update_ram(&head);
270         return ret;
271 }
272 #endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
273 
274 /*****************************************************************************/
275 /*
276  * determine size of ELF note
277  */
278 static int notesize(struct memelfnote *en)
279 {
280         int sz;
281 
282         sz = sizeof(struct elf_note);
283         sz += roundup((strlen(en->name) + 1), 4);
284         sz += roundup(en->datasz, 4);
285 
286         return sz;
287 } /* end notesize() */
288 
289 /*****************************************************************************/
290 /*
291  * store a note in the header buffer
292  */
293 static char *storenote(struct memelfnote *men, char *bufp)
294 {
295         struct elf_note en;
296 
297 #define DUMP_WRITE(addr,nr) do { memcpy(bufp,addr,nr); bufp += nr; } while(0)
298 
299         en.n_namesz = strlen(men->name) + 1;
300         en.n_descsz = men->datasz;
301         en.n_type = men->type;
302 
303         DUMP_WRITE(&en, sizeof(en));
304         DUMP_WRITE(men->name, en.n_namesz);
305 
306         /* XXX - cast from long long to long to avoid need for libgcc.a */
307         bufp = (char*) roundup((unsigned long)bufp,4);
308         DUMP_WRITE(men->data, men->datasz);
309         bufp = (char*) roundup((unsigned long)bufp,4);
310 
311 #undef DUMP_WRITE
312 
313         return bufp;
314 } /* end storenote() */
315 
316 /*
317  * store an ELF coredump header in the supplied buffer
318  * nphdr is the number of elf_phdr to insert
319  */
320 static void elf_kcore_store_hdr(char *bufp, int nphdr, int dataoff)
321 {
322         struct elf_prstatus prstatus;   /* NT_PRSTATUS */
323         struct elf_prpsinfo prpsinfo;   /* NT_PRPSINFO */
324         struct elf_phdr *nhdr, *phdr;
325         struct elfhdr *elf;
326         struct memelfnote notes[3];
327         off_t offset = 0;
328         struct kcore_list *m;
329 
330         /* setup ELF header */
331         elf = (struct elfhdr *) bufp;
332         bufp += sizeof(struct elfhdr);
333         offset += sizeof(struct elfhdr);
334         memcpy(elf->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
335         elf->e_ident[EI_CLASS]  = ELF_CLASS;
336         elf->e_ident[EI_DATA]   = ELF_DATA;
337         elf->e_ident[EI_VERSION]= EV_CURRENT;
338         elf->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELF_OSABI;
339         memset(elf->e_ident+EI_PAD, 0, EI_NIDENT-EI_PAD);
340         elf->e_type     = ET_CORE;
341         elf->e_machine  = ELF_ARCH;
342         elf->e_version  = EV_CURRENT;
343         elf->e_entry    = 0;
344         elf->e_phoff    = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
345         elf->e_shoff    = 0;
346         elf->e_flags    = ELF_CORE_EFLAGS;
347         elf->e_ehsize   = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
348         elf->e_phentsize= sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
349         elf->e_phnum    = nphdr;
350         elf->e_shentsize= 0;
351         elf->e_shnum    = 0;
352         elf->e_shstrndx = 0;
353 
354         /* setup ELF PT_NOTE program header */
355         nhdr = (struct elf_phdr *) bufp;
356         bufp += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
357         offset += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
358         nhdr->p_type    = PT_NOTE;
359         nhdr->p_offset  = 0;
360         nhdr->p_vaddr   = 0;
361         nhdr->p_paddr   = 0;
362         nhdr->p_filesz  = 0;
363         nhdr->p_memsz   = 0;
364         nhdr->p_flags   = 0;
365         nhdr->p_align   = 0;
366 
367         /* setup ELF PT_LOAD program header for every area */
368         list_for_each_entry(m, &kclist_head, list) {
369                 phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) bufp;
370                 bufp += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
371                 offset += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
372 
373                 phdr->p_type    = PT_LOAD;
374                 phdr->p_flags   = PF_R|PF_W|PF_X;
375                 phdr->p_offset  = kc_vaddr_to_offset(m->addr) + dataoff;
376                 phdr->p_vaddr   = (size_t)m->addr;
377                 phdr->p_paddr   = 0;
378                 phdr->p_filesz  = phdr->p_memsz = m->size;
379                 phdr->p_align   = PAGE_SIZE;
380         }
381 
382         /*
383          * Set up the notes in similar form to SVR4 core dumps made
384          * with info from their /proc.
385          */
386         nhdr->p_offset  = offset;
387 
388         /* set up the process status */
389         notes[0].name = CORE_STR;
390         notes[0].type = NT_PRSTATUS;
391         notes[0].datasz = sizeof(struct elf_prstatus);
392         notes[0].data = &prstatus;
393 
394         memset(&prstatus, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prstatus));
395 
396         nhdr->p_filesz  = notesize(&notes[0]);
397         bufp = storenote(&notes[0], bufp);
398 
399         /* set up the process info */
400         notes[1].name   = CORE_STR;
401         notes[1].type   = NT_PRPSINFO;
402         notes[1].datasz = sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo);
403         notes[1].data   = &prpsinfo;
404 
405         memset(&prpsinfo, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo));
406         prpsinfo.pr_state       = 0;
407         prpsinfo.pr_sname       = 'R';
408         prpsinfo.pr_zomb        = 0;
409 
410         strcpy(prpsinfo.pr_fname, "vmlinux");
411         strncpy(prpsinfo.pr_psargs, saved_command_line, ELF_PRARGSZ);
412 
413         nhdr->p_filesz  += notesize(&notes[1]);
414         bufp = storenote(&notes[1], bufp);
415 
416         /* set up the task structure */
417         notes[2].name   = CORE_STR;
418         notes[2].type   = NT_TASKSTRUCT;
419         notes[2].datasz = sizeof(struct task_struct);
420         notes[2].data   = current;
421 
422         nhdr->p_filesz  += notesize(&notes[2]);
423         bufp = storenote(&notes[2], bufp);
424 
425 } /* end elf_kcore_store_hdr() */
426 
427 /*****************************************************************************/
428 /*
429  * read from the ELF header and then kernel memory
430  */
431 static ssize_t
432 read_kcore(struct file *file, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen, loff_t *fpos)
433 {
434         ssize_t acc = 0;
435         size_t size, tsz;
436         size_t elf_buflen;
437         int nphdr;
438         unsigned long start;
439 
440         read_lock(&kclist_lock);
441         size = get_kcore_size(&nphdr, &elf_buflen);
442 
443         if (buflen == 0 || *fpos >= size) {
444                 read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
445                 return 0;
446         }
447 
448         /* trim buflen to not go beyond EOF */
449         if (buflen > size - *fpos)
450                 buflen = size - *fpos;
451 
452         /* construct an ELF core header if we'll need some of it */
453         if (*fpos < elf_buflen) {
454                 char * elf_buf;
455 
456                 tsz = elf_buflen - *fpos;
457                 if (buflen < tsz)
458                         tsz = buflen;
459                 elf_buf = kzalloc(elf_buflen, GFP_ATOMIC);
460                 if (!elf_buf) {
461                         read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
462                         return -ENOMEM;
463                 }
464                 elf_kcore_store_hdr(elf_buf, nphdr, elf_buflen);
465                 read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
466                 if (copy_to_user(buffer, elf_buf + *fpos, tsz)) {
467                         kfree(elf_buf);
468                         return -EFAULT;
469                 }
470                 kfree(elf_buf);
471                 buflen -= tsz;
472                 *fpos += tsz;
473                 buffer += tsz;
474                 acc += tsz;
475 
476                 /* leave now if filled buffer already */
477                 if (buflen == 0)
478                         return acc;
479         } else
480                 read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
481 
482         /*
483          * Check to see if our file offset matches with any of
484          * the addresses in the elf_phdr on our list.
485          */
486         start = kc_offset_to_vaddr(*fpos - elf_buflen);
487         if ((tsz = (PAGE_SIZE - (start & ~PAGE_MASK))) > buflen)
488                 tsz = buflen;
489                 
490         while (buflen) {
491                 struct kcore_list *m;
492 
493                 read_lock(&kclist_lock);
494                 list_for_each_entry(m, &kclist_head, list) {
495                         if (start >= m->addr && start < (m->addr+m->size))
496                                 break;
497                 }
498                 read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
499 
500                 if (&m->list == &kclist_head) {
501                         if (clear_user(buffer, tsz))
502                                 return -EFAULT;
503                 } else if (is_vmalloc_or_module_addr((void *)start)) {
504                         char * elf_buf;
505 
506                         elf_buf = kzalloc(tsz, GFP_KERNEL);
507                         if (!elf_buf)
508                                 return -ENOMEM;
509                         vread(elf_buf, (char *)start, tsz);
510                         /* we have to zero-fill user buffer even if no read */
511                         if (copy_to_user(buffer, elf_buf, tsz)) {
512                                 kfree(elf_buf);
513                                 return -EFAULT;
514                         }
515                         kfree(elf_buf);
516                 } else {
517                         if (kern_addr_valid(start)) {
518                                 unsigned long n;
519 
520                                 n = copy_to_user(buffer, (char *)start, tsz);
521                                 /*
522                                  * We cannot distinguish between fault on source
523                                  * and fault on destination. When this happens
524                                  * we clear too and hope it will trigger the
525                                  * EFAULT again.
526                                  */
527                                 if (n) { 
528                                         if (clear_user(buffer + tsz - n,
529                                                                 n))
530                                                 return -EFAULT;
531                                 }
532                         } else {
533                                 if (clear_user(buffer, tsz))
534                                         return -EFAULT;
535                         }
536                 }
537                 buflen -= tsz;
538                 *fpos += tsz;
539                 buffer += tsz;
540                 acc += tsz;
541                 start += tsz;
542                 tsz = (buflen > PAGE_SIZE ? PAGE_SIZE : buflen);
543         }
544 
545         return acc;
546 }
547 
548 
549 static int open_kcore(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
550 {
551         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
552                 return -EPERM;
553         if (kcore_need_update)
554                 kcore_update_ram();
555         if (i_size_read(inode) != proc_root_kcore->size) {
556                 mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
557                 i_size_write(inode, proc_root_kcore->size);
558                 mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
559         }
560         return 0;
561 }
562 
563 
564 static const struct file_operations proc_kcore_operations = {
565         .read           = read_kcore,
566         .open           = open_kcore,
567         .llseek         = default_llseek,
568 };
569 
570 /* just remember that we have to update kcore */
571 static int __meminit kcore_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
572                                     unsigned long action, void *arg)
573 {
574         switch (action) {
575         case MEM_ONLINE:
576         case MEM_OFFLINE:
577                 write_lock(&kclist_lock);
578                 kcore_need_update = 1;
579                 write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
580         }
581         return NOTIFY_OK;
582 }
583 
584 static struct notifier_block kcore_callback_nb __meminitdata = {
585         .notifier_call = kcore_callback,
586         .priority = 0,
587 };
588 
589 static struct kcore_list kcore_vmalloc;
590 
591 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_PROC_KCORE_TEXT
592 static struct kcore_list kcore_text;
593 /*
594  * If defined, special segment is used for mapping kernel text instead of
595  * direct-map area. We need to create special TEXT section.
596  */
597 static void __init proc_kcore_text_init(void)
598 {
599         kclist_add(&kcore_text, _text, _end - _text, KCORE_TEXT);
600 }
601 #else
602 static void __init proc_kcore_text_init(void)
603 {
604 }
605 #endif
606 
607 #if defined(CONFIG_MODULES) && defined(MODULES_VADDR)
608 /*
609  * MODULES_VADDR has no intersection with VMALLOC_ADDR.
610  */
611 struct kcore_list kcore_modules;
612 static void __init add_modules_range(void)
613 {
614         kclist_add(&kcore_modules, (void *)MODULES_VADDR,
615                         MODULES_END - MODULES_VADDR, KCORE_VMALLOC);
616 }
617 #else
618 static void __init add_modules_range(void)
619 {
620 }
621 #endif
622 
623 static int __init proc_kcore_init(void)
624 {
625         proc_root_kcore = proc_create("kcore", S_IRUSR, NULL,
626                                       &proc_kcore_operations);
627         if (!proc_root_kcore) {
628                 pr_err("couldn't create /proc/kcore\n");
629                 return 0; /* Always returns 0. */
630         }
631         /* Store text area if it's special */
632         proc_kcore_text_init();
633         /* Store vmalloc area */
634         kclist_add(&kcore_vmalloc, (void *)VMALLOC_START,
635                 VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START, KCORE_VMALLOC);
636         add_modules_range();
637         /* Store direct-map area from physical memory map */
638         kcore_update_ram();
639         register_hotmemory_notifier(&kcore_callback_nb);
640 
641         return 0;
642 }
643 module_init(proc_kcore_init);
644 

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