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Linux/include/linux/sunrpc/svc.h

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  1 /*
  2  * linux/include/linux/sunrpc/svc.h
  3  *
  4  * RPC server declarations.
  5  *
  6  * Copyright (C) 1995, 1996 Olaf Kirch <okir@monad.swb.de>
  7  */
  8 
  9 
 10 #ifndef SUNRPC_SVC_H
 11 #define SUNRPC_SVC_H
 12 
 13 #include <linux/in.h>
 14 #include <linux/in6.h>
 15 #include <linux/sunrpc/types.h>
 16 #include <linux/sunrpc/xdr.h>
 17 #include <linux/sunrpc/auth.h>
 18 #include <linux/sunrpc/svcauth.h>
 19 #include <linux/wait.h>
 20 #include <linux/mm.h>
 21 
 22 /* statistics for svc_pool structures */
 23 struct svc_pool_stats {
 24         atomic_long_t   packets;
 25         unsigned long   sockets_queued;
 26         atomic_long_t   threads_woken;
 27         atomic_long_t   threads_timedout;
 28 };
 29 
 30 /*
 31  *
 32  * RPC service thread pool.
 33  *
 34  * Pool of threads and temporary sockets.  Generally there is only
 35  * a single one of these per RPC service, but on NUMA machines those
 36  * services that can benefit from it (i.e. nfs but not lockd) will
 37  * have one pool per NUMA node.  This optimisation reduces cross-
 38  * node traffic on multi-node NUMA NFS servers.
 39  */
 40 struct svc_pool {
 41         unsigned int            sp_id;          /* pool id; also node id on NUMA */
 42         spinlock_t              sp_lock;        /* protects all fields */
 43         struct list_head        sp_sockets;     /* pending sockets */
 44         unsigned int            sp_nrthreads;   /* # of threads in pool */
 45         struct list_head        sp_all_threads; /* all server threads */
 46         struct svc_pool_stats   sp_stats;       /* statistics on pool operation */
 47 #define SP_TASK_PENDING         (0)             /* still work to do even if no
 48                                                  * xprt is queued. */
 49         unsigned long           sp_flags;
 50 } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
 51 
 52 struct svc_serv;
 53 
 54 struct svc_serv_ops {
 55         /* Callback to use when last thread exits. */
 56         void            (*svo_shutdown)(struct svc_serv *, struct net *);
 57 
 58         /* function for service threads to run */
 59         int             (*svo_function)(void *);
 60 
 61         /* queue up a transport for servicing */
 62         void            (*svo_enqueue_xprt)(struct svc_xprt *);
 63 
 64         /* set up thread (or whatever) execution context */
 65         int             (*svo_setup)(struct svc_serv *, struct svc_pool *, int);
 66 
 67         /* optional module to count when adding threads (pooled svcs only) */
 68         struct module   *svo_module;
 69 };
 70 
 71 /*
 72  * RPC service.
 73  *
 74  * An RPC service is a ``daemon,'' possibly multithreaded, which
 75  * receives and processes incoming RPC messages.
 76  * It has one or more transport sockets associated with it, and maintains
 77  * a list of idle threads waiting for input.
 78  *
 79  * We currently do not support more than one RPC program per daemon.
 80  */
 81 struct svc_serv {
 82         struct svc_program *    sv_program;     /* RPC program */
 83         struct svc_stat *       sv_stats;       /* RPC statistics */
 84         spinlock_t              sv_lock;
 85         unsigned int            sv_nrthreads;   /* # of server threads */
 86         unsigned int            sv_maxconn;     /* max connections allowed or
 87                                                  * '' causing max to be based
 88                                                  * on number of threads. */
 89 
 90         unsigned int            sv_max_payload; /* datagram payload size */
 91         unsigned int            sv_max_mesg;    /* max_payload + 1 page for overheads */
 92         unsigned int            sv_xdrsize;     /* XDR buffer size */
 93         struct list_head        sv_permsocks;   /* all permanent sockets */
 94         struct list_head        sv_tempsocks;   /* all temporary sockets */
 95         int                     sv_tmpcnt;      /* count of temporary sockets */
 96         struct timer_list       sv_temptimer;   /* timer for aging temporary sockets */
 97 
 98         char *                  sv_name;        /* service name */
 99 
100         unsigned int            sv_nrpools;     /* number of thread pools */
101         struct svc_pool *       sv_pools;       /* array of thread pools */
102         struct svc_serv_ops     *sv_ops;        /* server operations */
103 #if defined(CONFIG_SUNRPC_BACKCHANNEL)
104         struct list_head        sv_cb_list;     /* queue for callback requests
105                                                  * that arrive over the same
106                                                  * connection */
107         spinlock_t              sv_cb_lock;     /* protects the svc_cb_list */
108         wait_queue_head_t       sv_cb_waitq;    /* sleep here if there are no
109                                                  * entries in the svc_cb_list */
110         struct svc_xprt         *sv_bc_xprt;    /* callback on fore channel */
111 #endif /* CONFIG_SUNRPC_BACKCHANNEL */
112 };
113 
114 /*
115  * We use sv_nrthreads as a reference count.  svc_destroy() drops
116  * this refcount, so we need to bump it up around operations that
117  * change the number of threads.  Horrible, but there it is.
118  * Should be called with the "service mutex" held.
119  */
120 static inline void svc_get(struct svc_serv *serv)
121 {
122         serv->sv_nrthreads++;
123 }
124 
125 /*
126  * Maximum payload size supported by a kernel RPC server.
127  * This is use to determine the max number of pages nfsd is
128  * willing to return in a single READ operation.
129  *
130  * These happen to all be powers of 2, which is not strictly
131  * necessary but helps enforce the real limitation, which is
132  * that they should be multiples of PAGE_SIZE.
133  *
134  * For UDP transports, a block plus NFS,RPC, and UDP headers
135  * has to fit into the IP datagram limit of 64K.  The largest
136  * feasible number for all known page sizes is probably 48K,
137  * but we choose 32K here.  This is the same as the historical
138  * Linux limit; someone who cares more about NFS/UDP performance
139  * can test a larger number.
140  *
141  * For TCP transports we have more freedom.  A size of 1MB is
142  * chosen to match the client limit.  Other OSes are known to
143  * have larger limits, but those numbers are probably beyond
144  * the point of diminishing returns.
145  */
146 #define RPCSVC_MAXPAYLOAD       (1*1024*1024u)
147 #define RPCSVC_MAXPAYLOAD_TCP   RPCSVC_MAXPAYLOAD
148 #define RPCSVC_MAXPAYLOAD_UDP   (32*1024u)
149 
150 extern u32 svc_max_payload(const struct svc_rqst *rqstp);
151 
152 /*
153  * RPC Requsts and replies are stored in one or more pages.
154  * We maintain an array of pages for each server thread.
155  * Requests are copied into these pages as they arrive.  Remaining
156  * pages are available to write the reply into.
157  *
158  * Pages are sent using ->sendpage so each server thread needs to
159  * allocate more to replace those used in sending.  To help keep track
160  * of these pages we have a receive list where all pages initialy live,
161  * and a send list where pages are moved to when there are to be part
162  * of a reply.
163  *
164  * We use xdr_buf for holding responses as it fits well with NFS
165  * read responses (that have a header, and some data pages, and possibly
166  * a tail) and means we can share some client side routines.
167  *
168  * The xdr_buf.head kvec always points to the first page in the rq_*pages
169  * list.  The xdr_buf.pages pointer points to the second page on that
170  * list.  xdr_buf.tail points to the end of the first page.
171  * This assumes that the non-page part of an rpc reply will fit
172  * in a page - NFSd ensures this.  lockd also has no trouble.
173  *
174  * Each request/reply pair can have at most one "payload", plus two pages,
175  * one for the request, and one for the reply.
176  * We using ->sendfile to return read data, we might need one extra page
177  * if the request is not page-aligned.  So add another '1'.
178  */
179 #define RPCSVC_MAXPAGES         ((RPCSVC_MAXPAYLOAD+PAGE_SIZE-1)/PAGE_SIZE \
180                                 + 2 + 1)
181 
182 static inline u32 svc_getnl(struct kvec *iov)
183 {
184         __be32 val, *vp;
185         vp = iov->iov_base;
186         val = *vp++;
187         iov->iov_base = (void*)vp;
188         iov->iov_len -= sizeof(__be32);
189         return ntohl(val);
190 }
191 
192 static inline void svc_putnl(struct kvec *iov, u32 val)
193 {
194         __be32 *vp = iov->iov_base + iov->iov_len;
195         *vp = htonl(val);
196         iov->iov_len += sizeof(__be32);
197 }
198 
199 static inline __be32 svc_getu32(struct kvec *iov)
200 {
201         __be32 val, *vp;
202         vp = iov->iov_base;
203         val = *vp++;
204         iov->iov_base = (void*)vp;
205         iov->iov_len -= sizeof(__be32);
206         return val;
207 }
208 
209 static inline void svc_ungetu32(struct kvec *iov)
210 {
211         __be32 *vp = (__be32 *)iov->iov_base;
212         iov->iov_base = (void *)(vp - 1);
213         iov->iov_len += sizeof(*vp);
214 }
215 
216 static inline void svc_putu32(struct kvec *iov, __be32 val)
217 {
218         __be32 *vp = iov->iov_base + iov->iov_len;
219         *vp = val;
220         iov->iov_len += sizeof(__be32);
221 }
222 
223 /*
224  * The context of a single thread, including the request currently being
225  * processed.
226  */
227 struct svc_rqst {
228         struct list_head        rq_all;         /* all threads list */
229         struct rcu_head         rq_rcu_head;    /* for RCU deferred kfree */
230         struct svc_xprt *       rq_xprt;        /* transport ptr */
231 
232         struct sockaddr_storage rq_addr;        /* peer address */
233         size_t                  rq_addrlen;
234         struct sockaddr_storage rq_daddr;       /* dest addr of request
235                                                  *  - reply from here */
236         size_t                  rq_daddrlen;
237 
238         struct svc_serv *       rq_server;      /* RPC service definition */
239         struct svc_pool *       rq_pool;        /* thread pool */
240         struct svc_procedure *  rq_procinfo;    /* procedure info */
241         struct auth_ops *       rq_authop;      /* authentication flavour */
242         struct svc_cred         rq_cred;        /* auth info */
243         void *                  rq_xprt_ctxt;   /* transport specific context ptr */
244         struct svc_deferred_req*rq_deferred;    /* deferred request we are replaying */
245 
246         size_t                  rq_xprt_hlen;   /* xprt header len */
247         struct xdr_buf          rq_arg;
248         struct xdr_buf          rq_res;
249         struct page *           rq_pages[RPCSVC_MAXPAGES];
250         struct page *           *rq_respages;   /* points into rq_pages */
251         struct page *           *rq_next_page; /* next reply page to use */
252         struct page *           *rq_page_end;  /* one past the last page */
253 
254         struct kvec             rq_vec[RPCSVC_MAXPAGES]; /* generally useful.. */
255 
256         __be32                  rq_xid;         /* transmission id */
257         u32                     rq_prog;        /* program number */
258         u32                     rq_vers;        /* program version */
259         u32                     rq_proc;        /* procedure number */
260         u32                     rq_prot;        /* IP protocol */
261         int                     rq_cachetype;   /* catering to nfsd */
262 #define RQ_SECURE       (0)                     /* secure port */
263 #define RQ_LOCAL        (1)                     /* local request */
264 #define RQ_USEDEFERRAL  (2)                     /* use deferral */
265 #define RQ_DROPME       (3)                     /* drop current reply */
266 #define RQ_SPLICE_OK    (4)                     /* turned off in gss privacy
267                                                  * to prevent encrypting page
268                                                  * cache pages */
269 #define RQ_VICTIM       (5)                     /* about to be shut down */
270 #define RQ_BUSY         (6)                     /* request is busy */
271         unsigned long           rq_flags;       /* flags field */
272 
273         void *                  rq_argp;        /* decoded arguments */
274         void *                  rq_resp;        /* xdr'd results */
275         void *                  rq_auth_data;   /* flavor-specific data */
276         int                     rq_auth_slack;  /* extra space xdr code
277                                                  * should leave in head
278                                                  * for krb5i, krb5p.
279                                                  */
280         int                     rq_reserved;    /* space on socket outq
281                                                  * reserved for this request
282                                                  */
283 
284         struct cache_req        rq_chandle;     /* handle passed to caches for 
285                                                  * request delaying 
286                                                  */
287         /* Catering to nfsd */
288         struct auth_domain *    rq_client;      /* RPC peer info */
289         struct auth_domain *    rq_gssclient;   /* "gss/"-style peer info */
290         struct svc_cacherep *   rq_cacherep;    /* cache info */
291         struct task_struct      *rq_task;       /* service thread */
292         spinlock_t              rq_lock;        /* per-request lock */
293 };
294 
295 #define SVC_NET(svc_rqst)       (svc_rqst->rq_xprt->xpt_net)
296 
297 /*
298  * Rigorous type checking on sockaddr type conversions
299  */
300 static inline struct sockaddr_in *svc_addr_in(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
301 {
302         return (struct sockaddr_in *) &rqst->rq_addr;
303 }
304 
305 static inline struct sockaddr_in6 *svc_addr_in6(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
306 {
307         return (struct sockaddr_in6 *) &rqst->rq_addr;
308 }
309 
310 static inline struct sockaddr *svc_addr(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
311 {
312         return (struct sockaddr *) &rqst->rq_addr;
313 }
314 
315 static inline struct sockaddr_in *svc_daddr_in(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
316 {
317         return (struct sockaddr_in *) &rqst->rq_daddr;
318 }
319 
320 static inline struct sockaddr_in6 *svc_daddr_in6(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
321 {
322         return (struct sockaddr_in6 *) &rqst->rq_daddr;
323 }
324 
325 static inline struct sockaddr *svc_daddr(const struct svc_rqst *rqst)
326 {
327         return (struct sockaddr *) &rqst->rq_daddr;
328 }
329 
330 /*
331  * Check buffer bounds after decoding arguments
332  */
333 static inline int
334 xdr_argsize_check(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, __be32 *p)
335 {
336         char *cp = (char *)p;
337         struct kvec *vec = &rqstp->rq_arg.head[0];
338         return cp >= (char*)vec->iov_base
339                 && cp <= (char*)vec->iov_base + vec->iov_len;
340 }
341 
342 static inline int
343 xdr_ressize_check(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, __be32 *p)
344 {
345         struct kvec *vec = &rqstp->rq_res.head[0];
346         char *cp = (char*)p;
347 
348         vec->iov_len = cp - (char*)vec->iov_base;
349 
350         return vec->iov_len <= PAGE_SIZE;
351 }
352 
353 static inline void svc_free_res_pages(struct svc_rqst *rqstp)
354 {
355         while (rqstp->rq_next_page != rqstp->rq_respages) {
356                 struct page **pp = --rqstp->rq_next_page;
357                 if (*pp) {
358                         put_page(*pp);
359                         *pp = NULL;
360                 }
361         }
362 }
363 
364 struct svc_deferred_req {
365         u32                     prot;   /* protocol (UDP or TCP) */
366         struct svc_xprt         *xprt;
367         struct sockaddr_storage addr;   /* where reply must go */
368         size_t                  addrlen;
369         struct sockaddr_storage daddr;  /* where reply must come from */
370         size_t                  daddrlen;
371         struct cache_deferred_req handle;
372         size_t                  xprt_hlen;
373         int                     argslen;
374         __be32                  args[0];
375 };
376 
377 /*
378  * List of RPC programs on the same transport endpoint
379  */
380 struct svc_program {
381         struct svc_program *    pg_next;        /* other programs (same xprt) */
382         u32                     pg_prog;        /* program number */
383         unsigned int            pg_lovers;      /* lowest version */
384         unsigned int            pg_hivers;      /* highest version */
385         unsigned int            pg_nvers;       /* number of versions */
386         struct svc_version **   pg_vers;        /* version array */
387         char *                  pg_name;        /* service name */
388         char *                  pg_class;       /* class name: services sharing authentication */
389         struct svc_stat *       pg_stats;       /* rpc statistics */
390         int                     (*pg_authenticate)(struct svc_rqst *);
391 };
392 
393 /*
394  * RPC program version
395  */
396 struct svc_version {
397         u32                     vs_vers;        /* version number */
398         u32                     vs_nproc;       /* number of procedures */
399         struct svc_procedure *  vs_proc;        /* per-procedure info */
400         u32                     vs_xdrsize;     /* xdrsize needed for this version */
401 
402         unsigned int            vs_hidden : 1,  /* Don't register with portmapper.
403                                                  * Only used for nfsacl so far. */
404                                 vs_rpcb_optnl:1;/* Don't care the result of register.
405                                                  * Only used for nfsv4. */
406 
407         /* Override dispatch function (e.g. when caching replies).
408          * A return value of 0 means drop the request. 
409          * vs_dispatch == NULL means use default dispatcher.
410          */
411         int                     (*vs_dispatch)(struct svc_rqst *, __be32 *);
412 };
413 
414 /*
415  * RPC procedure info
416  */
417 typedef __be32  (*svc_procfunc)(struct svc_rqst *, void *argp, void *resp);
418 struct svc_procedure {
419         svc_procfunc            pc_func;        /* process the request */
420         kxdrproc_t              pc_decode;      /* XDR decode args */
421         kxdrproc_t              pc_encode;      /* XDR encode result */
422         kxdrproc_t              pc_release;     /* XDR free result */
423         unsigned int            pc_argsize;     /* argument struct size */
424         unsigned int            pc_ressize;     /* result struct size */
425         unsigned int            pc_count;       /* call count */
426         unsigned int            pc_cachetype;   /* cache info (NFS) */
427         unsigned int            pc_xdrressize;  /* maximum size of XDR reply */
428 };
429 
430 /*
431  * Mode for mapping cpus to pools.
432  */
433 enum {
434         SVC_POOL_AUTO = -1,     /* choose one of the others */
435         SVC_POOL_GLOBAL,        /* no mapping, just a single global pool
436                                  * (legacy & UP mode) */
437         SVC_POOL_PERCPU,        /* one pool per cpu */
438         SVC_POOL_PERNODE        /* one pool per numa node */
439 };
440 
441 struct svc_pool_map {
442         int count;                      /* How many svc_servs use us */
443         int mode;                       /* Note: int not enum to avoid
444                                          * warnings about "enumeration value
445                                          * not handled in switch" */
446         unsigned int npools;
447         unsigned int *pool_to;          /* maps pool id to cpu or node */
448         unsigned int *to_pool;          /* maps cpu or node to pool id */
449 };
450 
451 extern struct svc_pool_map svc_pool_map;
452 
453 /*
454  * Function prototypes.
455  */
456 int svc_rpcb_setup(struct svc_serv *serv, struct net *net);
457 void svc_rpcb_cleanup(struct svc_serv *serv, struct net *net);
458 int svc_bind(struct svc_serv *serv, struct net *net);
459 struct svc_serv *svc_create(struct svc_program *, unsigned int,
460                             struct svc_serv_ops *);
461 struct svc_rqst *svc_rqst_alloc(struct svc_serv *serv,
462                                         struct svc_pool *pool, int node);
463 struct svc_rqst *svc_prepare_thread(struct svc_serv *serv,
464                                         struct svc_pool *pool, int node);
465 void               svc_rqst_free(struct svc_rqst *);
466 void               svc_exit_thread(struct svc_rqst *);
467 unsigned int       svc_pool_map_get(void);
468 void               svc_pool_map_put(void);
469 struct svc_serv *  svc_create_pooled(struct svc_program *, unsigned int,
470                         struct svc_serv_ops *);
471 int                svc_set_num_threads(struct svc_serv *, struct svc_pool *, int);
472 int                svc_pool_stats_open(struct svc_serv *serv, struct file *file);
473 void               svc_destroy(struct svc_serv *);
474 void               svc_shutdown_net(struct svc_serv *, struct net *);
475 int                svc_process(struct svc_rqst *);
476 int                bc_svc_process(struct svc_serv *, struct rpc_rqst *,
477                         struct svc_rqst *);
478 int                svc_register(const struct svc_serv *, struct net *, const int,
479                                 const unsigned short, const unsigned short);
480 
481 void               svc_wake_up(struct svc_serv *);
482 void               svc_reserve(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, int space);
483 struct svc_pool *  svc_pool_for_cpu(struct svc_serv *serv, int cpu);
484 char *             svc_print_addr(struct svc_rqst *, char *, size_t);
485 
486 #define RPC_MAX_ADDRBUFLEN      (63U)
487 
488 /*
489  * When we want to reduce the size of the reserved space in the response
490  * buffer, we need to take into account the size of any checksum data that
491  * may be at the end of the packet. This is difficult to determine exactly
492  * for all cases without actually generating the checksum, so we just use a
493  * static value.
494  */
495 static inline void svc_reserve_auth(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, int space)
496 {
497         svc_reserve(rqstp, space + rqstp->rq_auth_slack);
498 }
499 
500 #endif /* SUNRPC_SVC_H */
501 

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