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TOMOYO Linux Cross Reference
Linux/net/mac80211/tkip.c

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  1 /*
  2  * Copyright 2002-2004, Instant802 Networks, Inc.
  3  * Copyright 2005, Devicescape Software, Inc.
  4  *
  5  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  6  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
  7  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
  8  */
  9 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 10 #include <linux/bitops.h>
 11 #include <linux/types.h>
 12 #include <linux/netdevice.h>
 13 #include <linux/export.h>
 14 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
 15 
 16 #include <net/mac80211.h>
 17 #include "driver-ops.h"
 18 #include "key.h"
 19 #include "tkip.h"
 20 #include "wep.h"
 21 
 22 #define PHASE1_LOOP_COUNT 8
 23 
 24 /*
 25  * 2-byte by 2-byte subset of the full AES S-box table; second part of this
 26  * table is identical to first part but byte-swapped
 27  */
 28 static const u16 tkip_sbox[256] =
 29 {
 30         0xC6A5, 0xF884, 0xEE99, 0xF68D, 0xFF0D, 0xD6BD, 0xDEB1, 0x9154,
 31         0x6050, 0x0203, 0xCEA9, 0x567D, 0xE719, 0xB562, 0x4DE6, 0xEC9A,
 32         0x8F45, 0x1F9D, 0x8940, 0xFA87, 0xEF15, 0xB2EB, 0x8EC9, 0xFB0B,
 33         0x41EC, 0xB367, 0x5FFD, 0x45EA, 0x23BF, 0x53F7, 0xE496, 0x9B5B,
 34         0x75C2, 0xE11C, 0x3DAE, 0x4C6A, 0x6C5A, 0x7E41, 0xF502, 0x834F,
 35         0x685C, 0x51F4, 0xD134, 0xF908, 0xE293, 0xAB73, 0x6253, 0x2A3F,
 36         0x080C, 0x9552, 0x4665, 0x9D5E, 0x3028, 0x37A1, 0x0A0F, 0x2FB5,
 37         0x0E09, 0x2436, 0x1B9B, 0xDF3D, 0xCD26, 0x4E69, 0x7FCD, 0xEA9F,
 38         0x121B, 0x1D9E, 0x5874, 0x342E, 0x362D, 0xDCB2, 0xB4EE, 0x5BFB,
 39         0xA4F6, 0x764D, 0xB761, 0x7DCE, 0x527B, 0xDD3E, 0x5E71, 0x1397,
 40         0xA6F5, 0xB968, 0x0000, 0xC12C, 0x4060, 0xE31F, 0x79C8, 0xB6ED,
 41         0xD4BE, 0x8D46, 0x67D9, 0x724B, 0x94DE, 0x98D4, 0xB0E8, 0x854A,
 42         0xBB6B, 0xC52A, 0x4FE5, 0xED16, 0x86C5, 0x9AD7, 0x6655, 0x1194,
 43         0x8ACF, 0xE910, 0x0406, 0xFE81, 0xA0F0, 0x7844, 0x25BA, 0x4BE3,
 44         0xA2F3, 0x5DFE, 0x80C0, 0x058A, 0x3FAD, 0x21BC, 0x7048, 0xF104,
 45         0x63DF, 0x77C1, 0xAF75, 0x4263, 0x2030, 0xE51A, 0xFD0E, 0xBF6D,
 46         0x814C, 0x1814, 0x2635, 0xC32F, 0xBEE1, 0x35A2, 0x88CC, 0x2E39,
 47         0x9357, 0x55F2, 0xFC82, 0x7A47, 0xC8AC, 0xBAE7, 0x322B, 0xE695,
 48         0xC0A0, 0x1998, 0x9ED1, 0xA37F, 0x4466, 0x547E, 0x3BAB, 0x0B83,
 49         0x8CCA, 0xC729, 0x6BD3, 0x283C, 0xA779, 0xBCE2, 0x161D, 0xAD76,
 50         0xDB3B, 0x6456, 0x744E, 0x141E, 0x92DB, 0x0C0A, 0x486C, 0xB8E4,
 51         0x9F5D, 0xBD6E, 0x43EF, 0xC4A6, 0x39A8, 0x31A4, 0xD337, 0xF28B,
 52         0xD532, 0x8B43, 0x6E59, 0xDAB7, 0x018C, 0xB164, 0x9CD2, 0x49E0,
 53         0xD8B4, 0xACFA, 0xF307, 0xCF25, 0xCAAF, 0xF48E, 0x47E9, 0x1018,
 54         0x6FD5, 0xF088, 0x4A6F, 0x5C72, 0x3824, 0x57F1, 0x73C7, 0x9751,
 55         0xCB23, 0xA17C, 0xE89C, 0x3E21, 0x96DD, 0x61DC, 0x0D86, 0x0F85,
 56         0xE090, 0x7C42, 0x71C4, 0xCCAA, 0x90D8, 0x0605, 0xF701, 0x1C12,
 57         0xC2A3, 0x6A5F, 0xAEF9, 0x69D0, 0x1791, 0x9958, 0x3A27, 0x27B9,
 58         0xD938, 0xEB13, 0x2BB3, 0x2233, 0xD2BB, 0xA970, 0x0789, 0x33A7,
 59         0x2DB6, 0x3C22, 0x1592, 0xC920, 0x8749, 0xAAFF, 0x5078, 0xA57A,
 60         0x038F, 0x59F8, 0x0980, 0x1A17, 0x65DA, 0xD731, 0x84C6, 0xD0B8,
 61         0x82C3, 0x29B0, 0x5A77, 0x1E11, 0x7BCB, 0xA8FC, 0x6DD6, 0x2C3A,
 62 };
 63 
 64 static u16 tkipS(u16 val)
 65 {
 66         return tkip_sbox[val & 0xff] ^ swab16(tkip_sbox[val >> 8]);
 67 }
 68 
 69 static u8 *write_tkip_iv(u8 *pos, u16 iv16)
 70 {
 71         *pos++ = iv16 >> 8;
 72         *pos++ = ((iv16 >> 8) | 0x20) & 0x7f;
 73         *pos++ = iv16 & 0xFF;
 74         return pos;
 75 }
 76 
 77 /*
 78  * P1K := Phase1(TA, TK, TSC)
 79  * TA = transmitter address (48 bits)
 80  * TK = dot11DefaultKeyValue or dot11KeyMappingValue (128 bits)
 81  * TSC = TKIP sequence counter (48 bits, only 32 msb bits used)
 82  * P1K: 80 bits
 83  */
 84 static void tkip_mixing_phase1(const u8 *tk, struct tkip_ctx *ctx,
 85                                const u8 *ta, u32 tsc_IV32)
 86 {
 87         int i, j;
 88         u16 *p1k = ctx->p1k;
 89 
 90         p1k[0] = tsc_IV32 & 0xFFFF;
 91         p1k[1] = tsc_IV32 >> 16;
 92         p1k[2] = get_unaligned_le16(ta + 0);
 93         p1k[3] = get_unaligned_le16(ta + 2);
 94         p1k[4] = get_unaligned_le16(ta + 4);
 95 
 96         for (i = 0; i < PHASE1_LOOP_COUNT; i++) {
 97                 j = 2 * (i & 1);
 98                 p1k[0] += tkipS(p1k[4] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 0 + j));
 99                 p1k[1] += tkipS(p1k[0] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 4 + j));
100                 p1k[2] += tkipS(p1k[1] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 8 + j));
101                 p1k[3] += tkipS(p1k[2] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 12 + j));
102                 p1k[4] += tkipS(p1k[3] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 0 + j)) + i;
103         }
104         ctx->state = TKIP_STATE_PHASE1_DONE;
105         ctx->p1k_iv32 = tsc_IV32;
106 }
107 
108 static void tkip_mixing_phase2(const u8 *tk, struct tkip_ctx *ctx,
109                                u16 tsc_IV16, u8 *rc4key)
110 {
111         u16 ppk[6];
112         const u16 *p1k = ctx->p1k;
113         int i;
114 
115         ppk[0] = p1k[0];
116         ppk[1] = p1k[1];
117         ppk[2] = p1k[2];
118         ppk[3] = p1k[3];
119         ppk[4] = p1k[4];
120         ppk[5] = p1k[4] + tsc_IV16;
121 
122         ppk[0] += tkipS(ppk[5] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 0));
123         ppk[1] += tkipS(ppk[0] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 2));
124         ppk[2] += tkipS(ppk[1] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 4));
125         ppk[3] += tkipS(ppk[2] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 6));
126         ppk[4] += tkipS(ppk[3] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 8));
127         ppk[5] += tkipS(ppk[4] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 10));
128         ppk[0] += ror16(ppk[5] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 12), 1);
129         ppk[1] += ror16(ppk[0] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk + 14), 1);
130         ppk[2] += ror16(ppk[1], 1);
131         ppk[3] += ror16(ppk[2], 1);
132         ppk[4] += ror16(ppk[3], 1);
133         ppk[5] += ror16(ppk[4], 1);
134 
135         rc4key = write_tkip_iv(rc4key, tsc_IV16);
136         *rc4key++ = ((ppk[5] ^ get_unaligned_le16(tk)) >> 1) & 0xFF;
137 
138         for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
139                 put_unaligned_le16(ppk[i], rc4key + 2 * i);
140 }
141 
142 /* Add TKIP IV and Ext. IV at @pos. @iv0, @iv1, and @iv2 are the first octets
143  * of the IV. Returns pointer to the octet following IVs (i.e., beginning of
144  * the packet payload). */
145 u8 *ieee80211_tkip_add_iv(u8 *pos, struct ieee80211_key *key)
146 {
147         lockdep_assert_held(&key->u.tkip.txlock);
148 
149         pos = write_tkip_iv(pos, key->u.tkip.tx.iv16);
150         *pos++ = (key->conf.keyidx << 6) | (1 << 5) /* Ext IV */;
151         put_unaligned_le32(key->u.tkip.tx.iv32, pos);
152         return pos + 4;
153 }
154 
155 static void ieee80211_compute_tkip_p1k(struct ieee80211_key *key, u32 iv32)
156 {
157         struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = key->sdata;
158         struct tkip_ctx *ctx = &key->u.tkip.tx;
159         const u8 *tk = &key->conf.key[NL80211_TKIP_DATA_OFFSET_ENCR_KEY];
160 
161         lockdep_assert_held(&key->u.tkip.txlock);
162 
163         /*
164          * Update the P1K when the IV32 is different from the value it
165          * had when we last computed it (or when not initialised yet).
166          * This might flip-flop back and forth if packets are processed
167          * out-of-order due to the different ACs, but then we have to
168          * just compute the P1K more often.
169          */
170         if (ctx->p1k_iv32 != iv32 || ctx->state == TKIP_STATE_NOT_INIT)
171                 tkip_mixing_phase1(tk, ctx, sdata->vif.addr, iv32);
172 }
173 
174 void ieee80211_get_tkip_p1k_iv(struct ieee80211_key_conf *keyconf,
175                                u32 iv32, u16 *p1k)
176 {
177         struct ieee80211_key *key = (struct ieee80211_key *)
178                         container_of(keyconf, struct ieee80211_key, conf);
179         struct tkip_ctx *ctx = &key->u.tkip.tx;
180         unsigned long flags;
181 
182         spin_lock_irqsave(&key->u.tkip.txlock, flags);
183         ieee80211_compute_tkip_p1k(key, iv32);
184         memcpy(p1k, ctx->p1k, sizeof(ctx->p1k));
185         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&key->u.tkip.txlock, flags);
186 }
187 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_get_tkip_p1k_iv);
188 
189 void ieee80211_get_tkip_rx_p1k(struct ieee80211_key_conf *keyconf,
190                                const u8 *ta, u32 iv32, u16 *p1k)
191 {
192         const u8 *tk = &keyconf->key[NL80211_TKIP_DATA_OFFSET_ENCR_KEY];
193         struct tkip_ctx ctx;
194 
195         tkip_mixing_phase1(tk, &ctx, ta, iv32);
196         memcpy(p1k, ctx.p1k, sizeof(ctx.p1k));
197 }
198 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_get_tkip_rx_p1k);
199 
200 void ieee80211_get_tkip_p2k(struct ieee80211_key_conf *keyconf,
201                             struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *p2k)
202 {
203         struct ieee80211_key *key = (struct ieee80211_key *)
204                         container_of(keyconf, struct ieee80211_key, conf);
205         const u8 *tk = &key->conf.key[NL80211_TKIP_DATA_OFFSET_ENCR_KEY];
206         struct tkip_ctx *ctx = &key->u.tkip.tx;
207         struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *)skb->data;
208         const u8 *data = (u8 *)hdr + ieee80211_hdrlen(hdr->frame_control);
209         u32 iv32 = get_unaligned_le32(&data[4]);
210         u16 iv16 = data[2] | (data[0] << 8);
211         unsigned long flags;
212 
213         spin_lock_irqsave(&key->u.tkip.txlock, flags);
214         ieee80211_compute_tkip_p1k(key, iv32);
215         tkip_mixing_phase2(tk, ctx, iv16, p2k);
216         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&key->u.tkip.txlock, flags);
217 }
218 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_get_tkip_p2k);
219 
220 /*
221  * Encrypt packet payload with TKIP using @key. @pos is a pointer to the
222  * beginning of the buffer containing payload. This payload must include
223  * the IV/Ext.IV and space for (taildroom) four octets for ICV.
224  * @payload_len is the length of payload (_not_ including IV/ICV length).
225  * @ta is the transmitter addresses.
226  */
227 int ieee80211_tkip_encrypt_data(struct crypto_cipher *tfm,
228                                 struct ieee80211_key *key,
229                                 struct sk_buff *skb,
230                                 u8 *payload, size_t payload_len)
231 {
232         u8 rc4key[16];
233 
234         ieee80211_get_tkip_p2k(&key->conf, skb, rc4key);
235 
236         return ieee80211_wep_encrypt_data(tfm, rc4key, 16,
237                                           payload, payload_len);
238 }
239 
240 /* Decrypt packet payload with TKIP using @key. @pos is a pointer to the
241  * beginning of the buffer containing IEEE 802.11 header payload, i.e.,
242  * including IV, Ext. IV, real data, Michael MIC, ICV. @payload_len is the
243  * length of payload, including IV, Ext. IV, MIC, ICV.  */
244 int ieee80211_tkip_decrypt_data(struct crypto_cipher *tfm,
245                                 struct ieee80211_key *key,
246                                 u8 *payload, size_t payload_len, u8 *ta,
247                                 u8 *ra, int only_iv, int queue,
248                                 u32 *out_iv32, u16 *out_iv16)
249 {
250         u32 iv32;
251         u32 iv16;
252         u8 rc4key[16], keyid, *pos = payload;
253         int res;
254         const u8 *tk = &key->conf.key[NL80211_TKIP_DATA_OFFSET_ENCR_KEY];
255 
256         if (payload_len < 12)
257                 return -1;
258 
259         iv16 = (pos[0] << 8) | pos[2];
260         keyid = pos[3];
261         iv32 = get_unaligned_le32(pos + 4);
262         pos += 8;
263 #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_TKIP_DEBUG
264         {
265                 int i;
266                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP decrypt: data(len=%zd)", payload_len);
267                 for (i = 0; i < payload_len; i++)
268                         printk(" %02x", payload[i]);
269                 printk("\n");
270                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP decrypt: iv16=%04x iv32=%08x\n",
271                        iv16, iv32);
272         }
273 #endif
274 
275         if (!(keyid & (1 << 5)))
276                 return TKIP_DECRYPT_NO_EXT_IV;
277 
278         if ((keyid >> 6) != key->conf.keyidx)
279                 return TKIP_DECRYPT_INVALID_KEYIDX;
280 
281         if (key->u.tkip.rx[queue].state != TKIP_STATE_NOT_INIT &&
282             (iv32 < key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv32 ||
283              (iv32 == key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv32 &&
284               iv16 <= key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv16))) {
285 #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_TKIP_DEBUG
286                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP replay detected for RX frame from "
287                        "%pM (RX IV (%04x,%02x) <= prev. IV (%04x,%02x)\n",
288                        ta,
289                        iv32, iv16, key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv32,
290                        key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv16);
291 #endif
292                 return TKIP_DECRYPT_REPLAY;
293         }
294 
295         if (only_iv) {
296                 res = TKIP_DECRYPT_OK;
297                 key->u.tkip.rx[queue].state = TKIP_STATE_PHASE1_HW_UPLOADED;
298                 goto done;
299         }
300 
301         if (key->u.tkip.rx[queue].state == TKIP_STATE_NOT_INIT ||
302             key->u.tkip.rx[queue].iv32 != iv32) {
303                 /* IV16 wrapped around - perform TKIP phase 1 */
304                 tkip_mixing_phase1(tk, &key->u.tkip.rx[queue], ta, iv32);
305 #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_TKIP_DEBUG
306                 {
307                         int i;
308                         u8 key_offset = NL80211_TKIP_DATA_OFFSET_ENCR_KEY;
309                         printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP decrypt: Phase1 TA=%pM"
310                                " TK=", ta);
311                         for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
312                                 printk("%02x ",
313                                        key->conf.key[key_offset + i]);
314                         printk("\n");
315                         printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP decrypt: P1K=");
316                         for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
317                                 printk("%04x ", key->u.tkip.rx[queue].p1k[i]);
318                         printk("\n");
319                 }
320 #endif
321         }
322         if (key->local->ops->update_tkip_key &&
323             key->flags & KEY_FLAG_UPLOADED_TO_HARDWARE &&
324             key->u.tkip.rx[queue].state != TKIP_STATE_PHASE1_HW_UPLOADED) {
325                 struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = key->sdata;
326 
327                 if (sdata->vif.type == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP_VLAN)
328                         sdata = container_of(key->sdata->bss,
329                                         struct ieee80211_sub_if_data, u.ap);
330                 drv_update_tkip_key(key->local, sdata, &key->conf, key->sta,
331                                 iv32, key->u.tkip.rx[queue].p1k);
332                 key->u.tkip.rx[queue].state = TKIP_STATE_PHASE1_HW_UPLOADED;
333         }
334 
335         tkip_mixing_phase2(tk, &key->u.tkip.rx[queue], iv16, rc4key);
336 #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_TKIP_DEBUG
337         {
338                 int i;
339                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "TKIP decrypt: Phase2 rc4key=");
340                 for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
341                         printk("%02x ", rc4key[i]);
342                 printk("\n");
343         }
344 #endif
345 
346         res = ieee80211_wep_decrypt_data(tfm, rc4key, 16, pos, payload_len - 12);
347  done:
348         if (res == TKIP_DECRYPT_OK) {
349                 /*
350                  * Record previously received IV, will be copied into the
351                  * key information after MIC verification. It is possible
352                  * that we don't catch replays of fragments but that's ok
353                  * because the Michael MIC verication will then fail.
354                  */
355                 *out_iv32 = iv32;
356                 *out_iv16 = iv16;
357         }
358 
359         return res;
360 }
361 

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