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TOMOYO Linux Cross Reference
Linux/arch/alpha/kernel/traps.c

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  1 /*
  2  * arch/alpha/kernel/traps.c
  3  *
  4  * (C) Copyright 1994 Linus Torvalds
  5  */
  6 
  7 /*
  8  * This file initializes the trap entry points
  9  */
 10 
 11 #include <linux/jiffies.h>
 12 #include <linux/mm.h>
 13 #include <linux/sched.h>
 14 #include <linux/tty.h>
 15 #include <linux/delay.h>
 16 #include <linux/module.h>
 17 #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
 18 #include <linux/ratelimit.h>
 19 
 20 #include <asm/gentrap.h>
 21 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 22 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
 23 #include <asm/sysinfo.h>
 24 #include <asm/hwrpb.h>
 25 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 26 #include <asm/special_insns.h>
 27 
 28 #include "proto.h"
 29 
 30 /* Work-around for some SRMs which mishandle opDEC faults.  */
 31 
 32 static int opDEC_fix;
 33 
 34 static void
 35 opDEC_check(void)
 36 {
 37         __asm__ __volatile__ (
 38         /* Load the address of... */
 39         "       br      $16, 1f\n"
 40         /* A stub instruction fault handler.  Just add 4 to the
 41            pc and continue.  */
 42         "       ldq     $16, 8($sp)\n"
 43         "       addq    $16, 4, $16\n"
 44         "       stq     $16, 8($sp)\n"
 45         "       call_pal %[rti]\n"
 46         /* Install the instruction fault handler.  */
 47         "1:     lda     $17, 3\n"
 48         "       call_pal %[wrent]\n"
 49         /* With that in place, the fault from the round-to-minf fp
 50            insn will arrive either at the "lda 4" insn (bad) or one
 51            past that (good).  This places the correct fixup in %0.  */
 52         "       lda %[fix], 0\n"
 53         "       cvttq/svm $f31,$f31\n"
 54         "       lda %[fix], 4"
 55         : [fix] "=r" (opDEC_fix)
 56         : [rti] "n" (PAL_rti), [wrent] "n" (PAL_wrent)
 57         : "$0", "$1", "$16", "$17", "$22", "$23", "$24", "$25");
 58 
 59         if (opDEC_fix)
 60                 printk("opDEC fixup enabled.\n");
 61 }
 62 
 63 void
 64 dik_show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *r9_15)
 65 {
 66         printk("pc = [<%016lx>]  ra = [<%016lx>]  ps = %04lx    %s\n",
 67                regs->pc, regs->r26, regs->ps, print_tainted());
 68         printk("pc is at %pSR\n", (void *)regs->pc);
 69         printk("ra is at %pSR\n", (void *)regs->r26);
 70         printk("v0 = %016lx  t0 = %016lx  t1 = %016lx\n",
 71                regs->r0, regs->r1, regs->r2);
 72         printk("t2 = %016lx  t3 = %016lx  t4 = %016lx\n",
 73                regs->r3, regs->r4, regs->r5);
 74         printk("t5 = %016lx  t6 = %016lx  t7 = %016lx\n",
 75                regs->r6, regs->r7, regs->r8);
 76 
 77         if (r9_15) {
 78                 printk("s0 = %016lx  s1 = %016lx  s2 = %016lx\n",
 79                        r9_15[9], r9_15[10], r9_15[11]);
 80                 printk("s3 = %016lx  s4 = %016lx  s5 = %016lx\n",
 81                        r9_15[12], r9_15[13], r9_15[14]);
 82                 printk("s6 = %016lx\n", r9_15[15]);
 83         }
 84 
 85         printk("a0 = %016lx  a1 = %016lx  a2 = %016lx\n",
 86                regs->r16, regs->r17, regs->r18);
 87         printk("a3 = %016lx  a4 = %016lx  a5 = %016lx\n",
 88                regs->r19, regs->r20, regs->r21);
 89         printk("t8 = %016lx  t9 = %016lx  t10= %016lx\n",
 90                regs->r22, regs->r23, regs->r24);
 91         printk("t11= %016lx  pv = %016lx  at = %016lx\n",
 92                regs->r25, regs->r27, regs->r28);
 93         printk("gp = %016lx  sp = %p\n", regs->gp, regs+1);
 94 #if 0
 95 __halt();
 96 #endif
 97 }
 98 
 99 #if 0
100 static char * ireg_name[] = {"v0", "t0", "t1", "t2", "t3", "t4", "t5", "t6",
101                            "t7", "s0", "s1", "s2", "s3", "s4", "s5", "s6",
102                            "a0", "a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "t8", "t9",
103                            "t10", "t11", "ra", "pv", "at", "gp", "sp", "zero"};
104 #endif
105 
106 static void
107 dik_show_code(unsigned int *pc)
108 {
109         long i;
110 
111         printk("Code:");
112         for (i = -6; i < 2; i++) {
113                 unsigned int insn;
114                 if (__get_user(insn, (unsigned int __user *)pc + i))
115                         break;
116                 printk("%c%08x%c", i ? ' ' : '<', insn, i ? ' ' : '>');
117         }
118         printk("\n");
119 }
120 
121 static void
122 dik_show_trace(unsigned long *sp)
123 {
124         long i = 0;
125         printk("Trace:\n");
126         while (0x1ff8 & (unsigned long) sp) {
127                 extern char _stext[], _etext[];
128                 unsigned long tmp = *sp;
129                 sp++;
130                 if (tmp < (unsigned long) &_stext)
131                         continue;
132                 if (tmp >= (unsigned long) &_etext)
133                         continue;
134                 printk("[<%lx>] %pSR\n", tmp, (void *)tmp);
135                 if (i > 40) {
136                         printk(" ...");
137                         break;
138                 }
139         }
140         printk("\n");
141 }
142 
143 static int kstack_depth_to_print = 24;
144 
145 void show_stack(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *sp)
146 {
147         unsigned long *stack;
148         int i;
149 
150         /*
151          * debugging aid: "show_stack(NULL);" prints the
152          * back trace for this cpu.
153          */
154         if(sp==NULL)
155                 sp=(unsigned long*)&sp;
156 
157         stack = sp;
158         for(i=0; i < kstack_depth_to_print; i++) {
159                 if (((long) stack & (THREAD_SIZE-1)) == 0)
160                         break;
161                 if (i && ((i % 4) == 0))
162                         printk("\n       ");
163                 printk("%016lx ", *stack++);
164         }
165         printk("\n");
166         dik_show_trace(sp);
167 }
168 
169 void
170 die_if_kernel(char * str, struct pt_regs *regs, long err, unsigned long *r9_15)
171 {
172         if (regs->ps & 8)
173                 return;
174 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
175         printk("CPU %d ", hard_smp_processor_id());
176 #endif
177         printk("%s(%d): %s %ld\n", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), str, err);
178         dik_show_regs(regs, r9_15);
179         add_taint(TAINT_DIE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
180         dik_show_trace((unsigned long *)(regs+1));
181         dik_show_code((unsigned int *)regs->pc);
182 
183         if (test_and_set_thread_flag (TIF_DIE_IF_KERNEL)) {
184                 printk("die_if_kernel recursion detected.\n");
185                 local_irq_enable();
186                 while (1);
187         }
188         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
189 }
190 
191 #ifndef CONFIG_MATHEMU
192 static long dummy_emul(void) { return 0; }
193 long (*alpha_fp_emul_imprecise)(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long writemask)
194   = (void *)dummy_emul;
195 long (*alpha_fp_emul) (unsigned long pc)
196   = (void *)dummy_emul;
197 #else
198 long alpha_fp_emul_imprecise(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long writemask);
199 long alpha_fp_emul (unsigned long pc);
200 #endif
201 
202 asmlinkage void
203 do_entArith(unsigned long summary, unsigned long write_mask,
204             struct pt_regs *regs)
205 {
206         long si_code = FPE_FLTINV;
207         siginfo_t info;
208 
209         if (summary & 1) {
210                 /* Software-completion summary bit is set, so try to
211                    emulate the instruction.  If the processor supports
212                    precise exceptions, we don't have to search.  */
213                 if (!amask(AMASK_PRECISE_TRAP))
214                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul(regs->pc - 4);
215                 else
216                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul_imprecise(regs, write_mask);
217                 if (si_code == 0)
218                         return;
219         }
220         die_if_kernel("Arithmetic fault", regs, 0, NULL);
221 
222         info.si_signo = SIGFPE;
223         info.si_errno = 0;
224         info.si_code = si_code;
225         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
226         send_sig_info(SIGFPE, &info, current);
227 }
228 
229 asmlinkage void
230 do_entIF(unsigned long type, struct pt_regs *regs)
231 {
232         siginfo_t info;
233         int signo, code;
234 
235         if ((regs->ps & ~IPL_MAX) == 0) {
236                 if (type == 1) {
237                         const unsigned int *data
238                           = (const unsigned int *) regs->pc;
239                         printk("Kernel bug at %s:%d\n",
240                                (const char *)(data[1] | (long)data[2] << 32), 
241                                data[0]);
242                 }
243 #ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_WTINT
244                 if (type == 4) {
245                         /* If CALL_PAL WTINT is totally unsupported by the
246                            PALcode, e.g. MILO, "emulate" it by overwriting
247                            the insn.  */
248                         unsigned int *pinsn
249                           = (unsigned int *) regs->pc - 1;
250                         if (*pinsn == PAL_wtint) {
251                                 *pinsn = 0x47e01400; /* mov 0,$0 */
252                                 imb();
253                                 regs->r0 = 0;
254                                 return;
255                         }
256                 }
257 #endif /* ALPHA_WTINT */
258                 die_if_kernel((type == 1 ? "Kernel Bug" : "Instruction fault"),
259                               regs, type, NULL);
260         }
261 
262         switch (type) {
263               case 0: /* breakpoint */
264                 info.si_signo = SIGTRAP;
265                 info.si_errno = 0;
266                 info.si_code = TRAP_BRKPT;
267                 info.si_trapno = 0;
268                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
269 
270                 if (ptrace_cancel_bpt(current)) {
271                         regs->pc -= 4;  /* make pc point to former bpt */
272                 }
273 
274                 send_sig_info(SIGTRAP, &info, current);
275                 return;
276 
277               case 1: /* bugcheck */
278                 info.si_signo = SIGTRAP;
279                 info.si_errno = 0;
280                 info.si_code = __SI_FAULT;
281                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
282                 info.si_trapno = 0;
283                 send_sig_info(SIGTRAP, &info, current);
284                 return;
285                 
286               case 2: /* gentrap */
287                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
288                 info.si_trapno = regs->r16;
289                 switch ((long) regs->r16) {
290                 case GEN_INTOVF:
291                         signo = SIGFPE;
292                         code = FPE_INTOVF;
293                         break;
294                 case GEN_INTDIV:
295                         signo = SIGFPE;
296                         code = FPE_INTDIV;
297                         break;
298                 case GEN_FLTOVF:
299                         signo = SIGFPE;
300                         code = FPE_FLTOVF;
301                         break;
302                 case GEN_FLTDIV:
303                         signo = SIGFPE;
304                         code = FPE_FLTDIV;
305                         break;
306                 case GEN_FLTUND:
307                         signo = SIGFPE;
308                         code = FPE_FLTUND;
309                         break;
310                 case GEN_FLTINV:
311                         signo = SIGFPE;
312                         code = FPE_FLTINV;
313                         break;
314                 case GEN_FLTINE:
315                         signo = SIGFPE;
316                         code = FPE_FLTRES;
317                         break;
318                 case GEN_ROPRAND:
319                         signo = SIGFPE;
320                         code = __SI_FAULT;
321                         break;
322 
323                 case GEN_DECOVF:
324                 case GEN_DECDIV:
325                 case GEN_DECINV:
326                 case GEN_ASSERTERR:
327                 case GEN_NULPTRERR:
328                 case GEN_STKOVF:
329                 case GEN_STRLENERR:
330                 case GEN_SUBSTRERR:
331                 case GEN_RANGERR:
332                 case GEN_SUBRNG:
333                 case GEN_SUBRNG1:
334                 case GEN_SUBRNG2:
335                 case GEN_SUBRNG3:
336                 case GEN_SUBRNG4:
337                 case GEN_SUBRNG5:
338                 case GEN_SUBRNG6:
339                 case GEN_SUBRNG7:
340                 default:
341                         signo = SIGTRAP;
342                         code = __SI_FAULT;
343                         break;
344                 }
345 
346                 info.si_signo = signo;
347                 info.si_errno = 0;
348                 info.si_code = code;
349                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
350                 send_sig_info(signo, &info, current);
351                 return;
352 
353               case 4: /* opDEC */
354                 if (implver() == IMPLVER_EV4) {
355                         long si_code;
356 
357                         /* The some versions of SRM do not handle
358                            the opDEC properly - they return the PC of the
359                            opDEC fault, not the instruction after as the
360                            Alpha architecture requires.  Here we fix it up.
361                            We do this by intentionally causing an opDEC
362                            fault during the boot sequence and testing if
363                            we get the correct PC.  If not, we set a flag
364                            to correct it every time through.  */
365                         regs->pc += opDEC_fix; 
366                         
367                         /* EV4 does not implement anything except normal
368                            rounding.  Everything else will come here as
369                            an illegal instruction.  Emulate them.  */
370                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul(regs->pc - 4);
371                         if (si_code == 0)
372                                 return;
373                         if (si_code > 0) {
374                                 info.si_signo = SIGFPE;
375                                 info.si_errno = 0;
376                                 info.si_code = si_code;
377                                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
378                                 send_sig_info(SIGFPE, &info, current);
379                                 return;
380                         }
381                 }
382                 break;
383 
384               case 3: /* FEN fault */
385                 /* Irritating users can call PAL_clrfen to disable the
386                    FPU for the process.  The kernel will then trap in
387                    do_switch_stack and undo_switch_stack when we try
388                    to save and restore the FP registers.
389 
390                    Given that GCC by default generates code that uses the
391                    FP registers, PAL_clrfen is not useful except for DoS
392                    attacks.  So turn the bleeding FPU back on and be done
393                    with it.  */
394                 current_thread_info()->pcb.flags |= 1;
395                 __reload_thread(&current_thread_info()->pcb);
396                 return;
397 
398               case 5: /* illoc */
399               default: /* unexpected instruction-fault type */
400                       ;
401         }
402 
403         info.si_signo = SIGILL;
404         info.si_errno = 0;
405         info.si_code = ILL_ILLOPC;
406         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
407         send_sig_info(SIGILL, &info, current);
408 }
409 
410 /* There is an ifdef in the PALcode in MILO that enables a 
411    "kernel debugging entry point" as an unprivileged call_pal.
412 
413    We don't want to have anything to do with it, but unfortunately
414    several versions of MILO included in distributions have it enabled,
415    and if we don't put something on the entry point we'll oops.  */
416 
417 asmlinkage void
418 do_entDbg(struct pt_regs *regs)
419 {
420         siginfo_t info;
421 
422         die_if_kernel("Instruction fault", regs, 0, NULL);
423 
424         info.si_signo = SIGILL;
425         info.si_errno = 0;
426         info.si_code = ILL_ILLOPC;
427         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
428         force_sig_info(SIGILL, &info, current);
429 }
430 
431 
432 /*
433  * entUna has a different register layout to be reasonably simple. It
434  * needs access to all the integer registers (the kernel doesn't use
435  * fp-regs), and it needs to have them in order for simpler access.
436  *
437  * Due to the non-standard register layout (and because we don't want
438  * to handle floating-point regs), user-mode unaligned accesses are
439  * handled separately by do_entUnaUser below.
440  *
441  * Oh, btw, we don't handle the "gp" register correctly, but if we fault
442  * on a gp-register unaligned load/store, something is _very_ wrong
443  * in the kernel anyway..
444  */
445 struct allregs {
446         unsigned long regs[32];
447         unsigned long ps, pc, gp, a0, a1, a2;
448 };
449 
450 struct unaligned_stat {
451         unsigned long count, va, pc;
452 } unaligned[2];
453 
454 
455 /* Macro for exception fixup code to access integer registers.  */
456 #define una_reg(r)  (_regs[(r) >= 16 && (r) <= 18 ? (r)+19 : (r)])
457 
458 
459 asmlinkage void
460 do_entUna(void * va, unsigned long opcode, unsigned long reg,
461           struct allregs *regs)
462 {
463         long error, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4;
464         unsigned long pc = regs->pc - 4;
465         unsigned long *_regs = regs->regs;
466         const struct exception_table_entry *fixup;
467 
468         unaligned[0].count++;
469         unaligned[0].va = (unsigned long) va;
470         unaligned[0].pc = pc;
471 
472         /* We don't want to use the generic get/put unaligned macros as
473            we want to trap exceptions.  Only if we actually get an
474            exception will we decide whether we should have caught it.  */
475 
476         switch (opcode) {
477         case 0x0c: /* ldwu */
478                 __asm__ __volatile__(
479                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
480                 "2:     ldq_u %2,1(%3)\n"
481                 "       extwl %1,%3,%1\n"
482                 "       extwh %2,%3,%2\n"
483                 "3:\n"
484                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
485                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
486                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
487                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
488                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
489                 ".previous"
490                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
491                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
492                 if (error)
493                         goto got_exception;
494                 una_reg(reg) = tmp1|tmp2;
495                 return;
496 
497         case 0x28: /* ldl */
498                 __asm__ __volatile__(
499                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
500                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
501                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
502                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
503                 "3:\n"
504                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
505                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
506                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
507                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
508                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
509                 ".previous"
510                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
511                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
512                 if (error)
513                         goto got_exception;
514                 una_reg(reg) = (int)(tmp1|tmp2);
515                 return;
516 
517         case 0x29: /* ldq */
518                 __asm__ __volatile__(
519                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
520                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
521                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
522                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
523                 "3:\n"
524                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
525                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
526                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
527                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
528                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
529                 ".previous"
530                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
531                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
532                 if (error)
533                         goto got_exception;
534                 una_reg(reg) = tmp1|tmp2;
535                 return;
536 
537         /* Note that the store sequences do not indicate that they change
538            memory because it _should_ be affecting nothing in this context.
539            (Otherwise we have other, much larger, problems.)  */
540         case 0x0d: /* stw */
541                 __asm__ __volatile__(
542                 "1:     ldq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
543                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
544                 "       inswh %6,%5,%4\n"
545                 "       inswl %6,%5,%3\n"
546                 "       mskwh %2,%5,%2\n"
547                 "       mskwl %1,%5,%1\n"
548                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
549                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
550                 "3:     stq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
551                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
552                 "5:\n"
553                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
554                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
555                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
556                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
557                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
558                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
559                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
560                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
561                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
562                 ".previous"
563                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
564                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
565                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), ""(0));
566                 if (error)
567                         goto got_exception;
568                 return;
569 
570         case 0x2c: /* stl */
571                 __asm__ __volatile__(
572                 "1:     ldq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
573                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
574                 "       inslh %6,%5,%4\n"
575                 "       insll %6,%5,%3\n"
576                 "       msklh %2,%5,%2\n"
577                 "       mskll %1,%5,%1\n"
578                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
579                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
580                 "3:     stq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
581                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
582                 "5:\n"
583                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
584                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
585                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
586                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
587                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
588                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
589                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
590                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
591                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
592                 ".previous"
593                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
594                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
595                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), ""(0));
596                 if (error)
597                         goto got_exception;
598                 return;
599 
600         case 0x2d: /* stq */
601                 __asm__ __volatile__(
602                 "1:     ldq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
603                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
604                 "       insqh %6,%5,%4\n"
605                 "       insql %6,%5,%3\n"
606                 "       mskqh %2,%5,%2\n"
607                 "       mskql %1,%5,%1\n"
608                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
609                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
610                 "3:     stq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
611                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
612                 "5:\n"
613                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
614                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
615                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
616                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
617                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
618                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
619                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
620                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
621                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
622                 ".previous"
623                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
624                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
625                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), ""(0));
626                 if (error)
627                         goto got_exception;
628                 return;
629         }
630 
631         printk("Bad unaligned kernel access at %016lx: %p %lx %lu\n",
632                 pc, va, opcode, reg);
633         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
634 
635 got_exception:
636         /* Ok, we caught the exception, but we don't want it.  Is there
637            someone to pass it along to?  */
638         if ((fixup = search_exception_tables(pc)) != 0) {
639                 unsigned long newpc;
640                 newpc = fixup_exception(una_reg, fixup, pc);
641 
642                 printk("Forwarding unaligned exception at %lx (%lx)\n",
643                        pc, newpc);
644 
645                 regs->pc = newpc;
646                 return;
647         }
648 
649         /*
650          * Yikes!  No one to forward the exception to.
651          * Since the registers are in a weird format, dump them ourselves.
652          */
653 
654         printk("%s(%d): unhandled unaligned exception\n",
655                current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
656 
657         printk("pc = [<%016lx>]  ra = [<%016lx>]  ps = %04lx\n",
658                pc, una_reg(26), regs->ps);
659         printk("r0 = %016lx  r1 = %016lx  r2 = %016lx\n",
660                una_reg(0), una_reg(1), una_reg(2));
661         printk("r3 = %016lx  r4 = %016lx  r5 = %016lx\n",
662                una_reg(3), una_reg(4), una_reg(5));
663         printk("r6 = %016lx  r7 = %016lx  r8 = %016lx\n",
664                una_reg(6), una_reg(7), una_reg(8));
665         printk("r9 = %016lx  r10= %016lx  r11= %016lx\n",
666                una_reg(9), una_reg(10), una_reg(11));
667         printk("r12= %016lx  r13= %016lx  r14= %016lx\n",
668                una_reg(12), una_reg(13), una_reg(14));
669         printk("r15= %016lx\n", una_reg(15));
670         printk("r16= %016lx  r17= %016lx  r18= %016lx\n",
671                una_reg(16), una_reg(17), una_reg(18));
672         printk("r19= %016lx  r20= %016lx  r21= %016lx\n",
673                una_reg(19), una_reg(20), una_reg(21));
674         printk("r22= %016lx  r23= %016lx  r24= %016lx\n",
675                una_reg(22), una_reg(23), una_reg(24));
676         printk("r25= %016lx  r27= %016lx  r28= %016lx\n",
677                una_reg(25), una_reg(27), una_reg(28));
678         printk("gp = %016lx  sp = %p\n", regs->gp, regs+1);
679 
680         dik_show_code((unsigned int *)pc);
681         dik_show_trace((unsigned long *)(regs+1));
682 
683         if (test_and_set_thread_flag (TIF_DIE_IF_KERNEL)) {
684                 printk("die_if_kernel recursion detected.\n");
685                 local_irq_enable();
686                 while (1);
687         }
688         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
689 }
690 
691 /*
692  * Convert an s-floating point value in memory format to the
693  * corresponding value in register format.  The exponent
694  * needs to be remapped to preserve non-finite values
695  * (infinities, not-a-numbers, denormals).
696  */
697 static inline unsigned long
698 s_mem_to_reg (unsigned long s_mem)
699 {
700         unsigned long frac    = (s_mem >>  0) & 0x7fffff;
701         unsigned long sign    = (s_mem >> 31) & 0x1;
702         unsigned long exp_msb = (s_mem >> 30) & 0x1;
703         unsigned long exp_low = (s_mem >> 23) & 0x7f;
704         unsigned long exp;
705 
706         exp = (exp_msb << 10) | exp_low;        /* common case */
707         if (exp_msb) {
708                 if (exp_low == 0x7f) {
709                         exp = 0x7ff;
710                 }
711         } else {
712                 if (exp_low == 0x00) {
713                         exp = 0x000;
714                 } else {
715                         exp |= (0x7 << 7);
716                 }
717         }
718         return (sign << 63) | (exp << 52) | (frac << 29);
719 }
720 
721 /*
722  * Convert an s-floating point value in register format to the
723  * corresponding value in memory format.
724  */
725 static inline unsigned long
726 s_reg_to_mem (unsigned long s_reg)
727 {
728         return ((s_reg >> 62) << 30) | ((s_reg << 5) >> 34);
729 }
730 
731 /*
732  * Handle user-level unaligned fault.  Handling user-level unaligned
733  * faults is *extremely* slow and produces nasty messages.  A user
734  * program *should* fix unaligned faults ASAP.
735  *
736  * Notice that we have (almost) the regular kernel stack layout here,
737  * so finding the appropriate registers is a little more difficult
738  * than in the kernel case.
739  *
740  * Finally, we handle regular integer load/stores only.  In
741  * particular, load-linked/store-conditionally and floating point
742  * load/stores are not supported.  The former make no sense with
743  * unaligned faults (they are guaranteed to fail) and I don't think
744  * the latter will occur in any decent program.
745  *
746  * Sigh. We *do* have to handle some FP operations, because GCC will
747  * uses them as temporary storage for integer memory to memory copies.
748  * However, we need to deal with stt/ldt and sts/lds only.
749  */
750 
751 #define OP_INT_MASK     ( 1L << 0x28 | 1L << 0x2c   /* ldl stl */       \
752                         | 1L << 0x29 | 1L << 0x2d   /* ldq stq */       \
753                         | 1L << 0x0c | 1L << 0x0d   /* ldwu stw */      \
754                         | 1L << 0x0a | 1L << 0x0e ) /* ldbu stb */
755 
756 #define OP_WRITE_MASK   ( 1L << 0x26 | 1L << 0x27   /* sts stt */       \
757                         | 1L << 0x2c | 1L << 0x2d   /* stl stq */       \
758                         | 1L << 0x0d | 1L << 0x0e ) /* stw stb */
759 
760 #define R(x)    ((size_t) &((struct pt_regs *)0)->x)
761 
762 static int unauser_reg_offsets[32] = {
763         R(r0), R(r1), R(r2), R(r3), R(r4), R(r5), R(r6), R(r7), R(r8),
764         /* r9 ... r15 are stored in front of regs.  */
765         -56, -48, -40, -32, -24, -16, -8,
766         R(r16), R(r17), R(r18),
767         R(r19), R(r20), R(r21), R(r22), R(r23), R(r24), R(r25), R(r26),
768         R(r27), R(r28), R(gp),
769         0, 0
770 };
771 
772 #undef R
773 
774 asmlinkage void
775 do_entUnaUser(void __user * va, unsigned long opcode,
776               unsigned long reg, struct pt_regs *regs)
777 {
778         static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(ratelimit, 5 * HZ, 5);
779 
780         unsigned long tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4;
781         unsigned long fake_reg, *reg_addr = &fake_reg;
782         siginfo_t info;
783         long error;
784 
785         /* Check the UAC bits to decide what the user wants us to do
786            with the unaliged access.  */
787 
788         if (!(current_thread_info()->status & TS_UAC_NOPRINT)) {
789                 if (__ratelimit(&ratelimit)) {
790                         printk("%s(%d): unaligned trap at %016lx: %p %lx %ld\n",
791                                current->comm, task_pid_nr(current),
792                                regs->pc - 4, va, opcode, reg);
793                 }
794         }
795         if ((current_thread_info()->status & TS_UAC_SIGBUS))
796                 goto give_sigbus;
797         /* Not sure why you'd want to use this, but... */
798         if ((current_thread_info()->status & TS_UAC_NOFIX))
799                 return;
800 
801         /* Don't bother reading ds in the access check since we already
802            know that this came from the user.  Also rely on the fact that
803            the page at TASK_SIZE is unmapped and so can't be touched anyway. */
804         if (!__access_ok((unsigned long)va, 0, USER_DS))
805                 goto give_sigsegv;
806 
807         ++unaligned[1].count;
808         unaligned[1].va = (unsigned long)va;
809         unaligned[1].pc = regs->pc - 4;
810 
811         if ((1L << opcode) & OP_INT_MASK) {
812                 /* it's an integer load/store */
813                 if (reg < 30) {
814                         reg_addr = (unsigned long *)
815                           ((char *)regs + unauser_reg_offsets[reg]);
816                 } else if (reg == 30) {
817                         /* usp in PAL regs */
818                         fake_reg = rdusp();
819                 } else {
820                         /* zero "register" */
821                         fake_reg = 0;
822                 }
823         }
824 
825         /* We don't want to use the generic get/put unaligned macros as
826            we want to trap exceptions.  Only if we actually get an
827            exception will we decide whether we should have caught it.  */
828 
829         switch (opcode) {
830         case 0x0c: /* ldwu */
831                 __asm__ __volatile__(
832                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
833                 "2:     ldq_u %2,1(%3)\n"
834                 "       extwl %1,%3,%1\n"
835                 "       extwh %2,%3,%2\n"
836                 "3:\n"
837                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
838                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
839                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
840                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
841                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
842                 ".previous"
843                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
844                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
845                 if (error)
846                         goto give_sigsegv;
847                 *reg_addr = tmp1|tmp2;
848                 break;
849 
850         case 0x22: /* lds */
851                 __asm__ __volatile__(
852                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
853                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
854                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
855                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
856                 "3:\n"
857                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
858                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
859                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
860                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
861                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
862                 ".previous"
863                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
864                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
865                 if (error)
866                         goto give_sigsegv;
867                 alpha_write_fp_reg(reg, s_mem_to_reg((int)(tmp1|tmp2)));
868                 return;
869 
870         case 0x23: /* ldt */
871                 __asm__ __volatile__(
872                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
873                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
874                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
875                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
876                 "3:\n"
877                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
878                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
879                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
880                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
881                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
882                 ".previous"
883                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
884                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
885                 if (error)
886                         goto give_sigsegv;
887                 alpha_write_fp_reg(reg, tmp1|tmp2);
888                 return;
889 
890         case 0x28: /* ldl */
891                 __asm__ __volatile__(
892                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
893                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
894                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
895                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
896                 "3:\n"
897                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
898                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
899                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
900                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
901                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
902                 ".previous"
903                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
904                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
905                 if (error)
906                         goto give_sigsegv;
907                 *reg_addr = (int)(tmp1|tmp2);
908                 break;
909 
910         case 0x29: /* ldq */
911                 __asm__ __volatile__(
912                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
913                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
914                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
915                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
916                 "3:\n"
917                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
918                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
919                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
920                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
921                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
922                 ".previous"
923                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
924                         : "r"(va), ""(0));
925                 if (error)
926                         goto give_sigsegv;
927                 *reg_addr = tmp1|tmp2;
928                 break;
929 
930         /* Note that the store sequences do not indicate that they change
931            memory because it _should_ be affecting nothing in this context.
932            (Otherwise we have other, much larger, problems.)  */
933         case 0x0d: /* stw */
934                 __asm__ __volatile__(
935                 "1:     ldq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
936                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
937                 "       inswh %6,%5,%4\n"
938                 "       inswl %6,%5,%3\n"
939                 "       mskwh %2,%5,%2\n"
940                 "       mskwl %1,%5,%1\n"
941                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
942                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
943                 "3:     stq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
944                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
945                 "5:\n"
946                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
947                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
948                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
949                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
950                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
951                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
952                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
953                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
954                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
955                 ".previous"
956                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
957                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
958                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), ""(0));
959                 if (error)
960                         goto give_sigsegv;
961                 return;
962 
963         case 0x26: /* sts */
964                 fake_reg = s_reg_to_mem(alpha_read_fp_reg(reg));
965                 /* FALLTHRU */
966 
967         case 0x2c: /* stl */
968                 __asm__ __volatile__(
969                 "1:     ldq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
970                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
971                 "       inslh %6,%5,%4\n"
972                 "       insll %6,%5,%3\n"
973                 "       msklh %2,%5,%2\n"
974                 "       mskll %1,%5,%1\n"
975                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
976                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
977                 "3:     stq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
978                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
979                 "5:\n"
980                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
981                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
982                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
983                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
984                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
985                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
986                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
987                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
988                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
989                 ".previous"
990                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
991                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
992                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), ""(0));
993                 if (error)
994                         goto give_sigsegv;
995                 return;
996 
997         case 0x27: /* stt */
998                 fake_reg = alpha_read_fp_reg(reg);
999                 /* FALLTHRU */
1000 
1001         case 0x2d: /* stq */
1002                 __asm__ __volatile__(
1003                 "1:     ldq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
1004                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
1005                 "       insqh %6,%5,%4\n"
1006                 "       insql %6,%5,%3\n"
1007                 "       mskqh %2,%5,%2\n"
1008                 "       mskql %1,%5,%1\n"
1009                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
1010                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
1011                 "3:     stq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
1012                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
1013                 "5:\n"
1014                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
1015                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
1016                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
1017                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
1018                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
1019                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
1020                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
1021                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
1022                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
1023                 ".previous"
1024                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
1025                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
1026                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), ""(0));
1027                 if (error)
1028                         goto give_sigsegv;
1029                 return;
1030 
1031         default:
1032                 /* What instruction were you trying to use, exactly?  */
1033                 goto give_sigbus;
1034         }
1035 
1036         /* Only integer loads should get here; everyone else returns early. */
1037         if (reg == 30)
1038                 wrusp(fake_reg);
1039         return;
1040 
1041 give_sigsegv:
1042         regs->pc -= 4;  /* make pc point to faulting insn */
1043         info.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
1044         info.si_errno = 0;
1045 
1046         /* We need to replicate some of the logic in mm/fault.c,
1047            since we don't have access to the fault code in the
1048            exception handling return path.  */
1049         if (!__access_ok((unsigned long)va, 0, USER_DS))
1050                 info.si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
1051         else {
1052                 struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
1053                 down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1054                 if (find_vma(mm, (unsigned long)va))
1055                         info.si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
1056                 else
1057                         info.si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
1058                 up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1059         }
1060         info.si_addr = va;
1061         send_sig_info(SIGSEGV, &info, current);
1062         return;
1063 
1064 give_sigbus:
1065         regs->pc -= 4;
1066         info.si_signo = SIGBUS;
1067         info.si_errno = 0;
1068         info.si_code = BUS_ADRALN;
1069         info.si_addr = va;
1070         send_sig_info(SIGBUS, &info, current);
1071         return;
1072 }
1073 
1074 void
1075 trap_init(void)
1076 {
1077         /* Tell PAL-code what global pointer we want in the kernel.  */
1078         register unsigned long gptr __asm__("$29");
1079         wrkgp(gptr);
1080 
1081         /* Hack for Multia (UDB) and JENSEN: some of their SRMs have
1082            a bug in the handling of the opDEC fault.  Fix it up if so.  */
1083         if (implver() == IMPLVER_EV4)
1084                 opDEC_check();
1085 
1086         wrent(entArith, 1);
1087         wrent(entMM, 2);
1088         wrent(entIF, 3);
1089         wrent(entUna, 4);
1090         wrent(entSys, 5);
1091         wrent(entDbg, 6);
1092 }
1093 

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